UIR Law review (ULR) is an initiative of Faculty of Law University Islam Riau. It aims primarily to facilitate scholarly and professional discussions over current developments on legal issues in Indonesia as well as to publish innovative legal researches concerning Indonesian laws and legal system. Published in Indonesia and English, the Review seeks to expand the boundaries of Indonesian legal discourses to access English-speaking contributors and readers all over the world. The Review, hence, welcomes contributions from international legal scholars and professionals. The Review basically contains any topics concerning Indonesian laws and legal system. Novelty and recency of issues, however, is a priority in publishing. The range of contents covered by the Review spans from established legal scholarships and fields of law such as private laws and public laws which include constitutional and administrative law as well as criminal law, international laws concerning Indonesia, to various approaches to legal studies such as comparative law, law and economics, sociology of law and legal anthropology, and many others. Specialized legal studies concerning various aspects of life such as commercial and business laws, technology law, natural resources law and the like are also welcomed. A recommendation by the Editors on specific research issues to be covered in each volume may be made available to prospective contributors prior to publication of the volume in April, and October.