Efforts to reduce the risk of anterior cruciate ligament injury through isometric quadriceps exercise

  • Ida Ayu Astiti Suadnyana Department of Physiotherap, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Bali Internasional, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Gusti Ayu Sri Wahyuni Novianti Department of Physiotherap, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Bali Internasional, Bali, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3805-5800
  • Sayu Aryantari Putri Thanaya Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0357-7505
  • Agung Suharsono Department of Physiotherap, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Bali Internasional, Bali, Indonesia
  • Edi Setiawan Department of Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Suryakancana, Cianjur, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7711-002X
Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament, isometric quadriceps exercise, pain, reconstruction


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is one of the most common musculoskeletal injuries in the knee joint. One of the treatments for this injury is reconstruction. Pain is one of the most frequent problems that occur following reconstruction. Isometric quadriceps exercise can be given to reduce pain after phase I reconstruction in patients with ACL injuries. This study was a pre-experimental study with a one group pre and post-test design. This study was conducted in the outpatient room of Bali Royal Hospital Denpasar from March to May 2022. The subjects of this study were 20 patients with ACL injury following phase I reconstruction at Bali Royal Hospital, who met the eligibility criteria of this study. The quadriceps isometric exercise was performed 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Pain was measured using the visual analogue scale (VAS). In this study, the average pain score before and after exercise was 6 ± 1.257 and 3.4 ± 1.046 respectively. The results of data analysis on pain reduction using the paired t-test showed p = 0.000 (p <0.05), it means that there was a significant reduction in pain following isometric quadriceps exercise. It can be concluded that isometric quadriceps exercise can reduce pain in patients following phase I reconstruction of the ACL at Bali Royal Hospital.


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How to Cite
Astiti Suadnyana, I. A., Novianti, I. G. A. S. W., Thanaya, S. A. P., Suharsono, A., & Setiawan, E. (2022). Efforts to reduce the risk of anterior cruciate ligament injury through isometric quadriceps exercise. Journal Sport Area, 7(3), 446-454. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2022.vol7(3).10588
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