The competence of a coach in sports: How does it correlate with athlete motivation?

  • Immanuel Mu'ammal Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Muhammadiyah, Malang, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0480-5423
  • Abdurrohman Muzakki Department of Primary Teacher Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Malang, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5034-2346
  • Erie Awalil Fakhri Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
  • Edi Setiawan Department of Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Suryakancana, Cianjur, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7711-002X
Keywords: Sport coach, coach competency, athlete motivation

Abstract

Sports coaches hold integral roles in sports organizations. As important figures for athletes, coaches are responsible for maintaining athletes’ motivation which will drive their performances in matches. To motivate athletes, coaches must possess good competence which reflect their quality as coaches. This study analyzes the effect of coach competency on athlete motivation. Coach competency in this study is represented by four indicators: motivation competency, game-strategy competency, technique competency, and character-building competency. Each and every indicator’s effect on athlete motivation was investigated. The instrument in this study used a questionnaire with 42 question items. This study is an explanatory research conducted on 114 student basketball athletes in Indonesia as respondents. Data analysis was conducted using SEM-PLS on the WARP-PLS 7 software. The results of this research show that overall, motivation competency, technique competency, character building competency, and game-strategy competency which represents the coach competency variable have a positive effect on athlete motivation (p<0.05), while motivation competency has no effect on athlete motivation (p>0.05). Game strategy competency, technique competency, and character building competency has positive effects on athlete motivation (p<0.05). This research contributes to increasing scientific knowledge among coaches and athletes about the importance of competence for the motivational aspect. The limitation in this study is that the sample used only comes from basketball athletes so it is not yet known whether there is a similar relationship between the competence and motivation of other sports coaches. Therefore, future research can examine the relationship between the competence and motivation of coaches in sports such as football, volleyball, and handball.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anthony, L., Labadan, B. (2021). Coaching styles, motivation, and sports performance laurence anthony barredo labadan. Jurnal Konseling dan Pendidikan, 8(I), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.29210/169300

Aru Fantiro, F., Arifin, B., Muzakki, A., & Setiawan, E. (2022). Blended learning or full online: Increase student mood and motivation during the new normal era. Jurnal SPORTIF: Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran, 8(1), 13-28. https://doi.org/10.29407/js_unpgri.v8i1.17507

Bloom, G. A., Falcão, W. R., & Caron, J. G. (2014). Coaching high performance athletes: Implications for coach training. Positive Human Functioning from a Multidimensional Perspective. Nova Science Publishers.

Chin, N. S., Liew, G. C., Kueh, Y. C., Hashim, H. A., Tee, V., & Kuan, G. (2021). Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the malay version of sports motivation scale-ii. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(21), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111694

Chiu, L. K., Mahat, N. I., Marzuki, N. A., & Hua, K. P. (2014). Student-athletes’ evaluation of coaches’ coaching competencies and their sport achievement motivation. Review of European Studies, 6(2), 17–29. https://doi.org/10.5539/res.v6n2p17

Coakley, J. (2007). Sport in Society: Issues and Controversies. McGraw-Hill.

Đurović, D., Aleksić Veljković, A., & Petrović, T. (2020). Psychological Aspects of Motivation in Sport Achievement. Facta Universitatis, Series: Physical Education and Sport, November, 465. https://doi.org/10.22190/fupes190515044d

Dyakova, G., Dyakov, T., & Angelova, I. (2017). Study of the students’ interest in the football game, motivation and desire for practicing football. Trakia Journal of Science, 15(Suppl.1), 375–382. https://doi.org/10.15547/tjs.2017.s.01.063

Edwards, T. M., Chiera, C. (2021). Coaching for character development: insights from a simple mathematical model. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 21(6), 3374–3378. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2021.06457

Ferris, K. A., Ettekal, A. V., Agans, J. P., & Burkhard, B. M. (2016). Character Development Through Youth Sport: High School Coaches’ Perspectives about a Character-based Education Program. Journal of Youth Development, 10(3), 127–140. https://doi.org/10.5195/jyd.2015.13

González-Ponce, I., Leo, F. M., Jiménez, R., Sánchez-Oliva, D., Sarmento, H., Figueiredo, A., & García-Calvo, T. (2018). Athletes’ perceptions of coaching competency and team conflict in sport teams: A multilevel analysis. European Journal of Sport Science, 18(6), 851–860. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2018.1461245

Gould, D., Collins, K., Lauer, L., & Chung, Y. (2007). Coaching life skills through football: A study of award winning high school coaches. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 19(1), 16–37. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200601113786

Graña, M., De Francisco, C., & Arce, C. (2021). The relationship between motivation and burnout in athletes and the mediating role of engagement. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), 23-34. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094884

Hawkins, J. R., Sharp, E. B., & Williams, S. M. (2015). Take a Page from Your Coach’s Play Book: Teaching Technical and Tactical Skills in Athletic Training. Athletic Training Education Journal, 10(3), 244–248. https://doi.org/10.4085/1003224

Holt, L. (2013). Interpersonal relationships and the association with athlete’s motivation, self-efficacy and fear of failure. Theses. Ithaca College.

Horn. (2002). Coaching Effectiveness in the Sport Domain. Journal of Psychology, 7, 134-149.

Johnson, S., Wojnar, P., Price, W., Foley, T., Moon, J., Esposito, E., & Cromartie, F. (2011). A Coach’s Responsibility: Learning How to Prepare Athletes for Peak Performance. The Sport Journal, 14(1), 1–14.

Kassim, A. F M. (2018). Athletes’ Perceptions of Coaching Effectiveness in Team and Individual Sport. Thesis. University of Birmingham.

Kaya, A. (2014). Decision Making by Coaches and Athletes in Sport. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 152, 333–338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.09.205

Komarc, M., Harbichová, I., & Scheier, L. M. (2020). Psychometric validation of Czech version of the Sport Motivation Scale. PLoS ONE, 15(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227277

Kucukibis, H. F., Gul, M. (2019). Study on sports high school students’ motivation levels in sports by some variables. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 7(3), 839–847. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2019.070325

Lickona, T. (2001). What is Effective Character Education? Paper Presented at The Stony Brook School Symoposium on Character.

Lockwood, P., Perlman, D. (2008). Enhancing the Youth Sport Experience: A Re-examination of Methods, Coaching Style , and Motivational Climate. The Journal of Youth Sports, 4(1), 30–35.

Mageau, G. A., Vallerand, R. J. (2003). The coach-athlete relationship: A motivational model. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21(11), 883–904. https://doi.org/10.1080/0264041031000140374

Manzoor, M. (2018). Role of Coach Encouragement between Athlete’s Interest, Motivation and Frequency of Participation: A Case Study of District of Sialkot. Global Physical Education & Sports Sciences Review, I(I), 20–26. https://doi.org/10.31703/gpessr.2018(i-i).04

Mertens, N., Boen, F., Vande Broek, G., Vansteenkiste, M., & Fransen, K. (2018). An experiment on the impact of coaches’ and athlete leaders’ competence support on athletes’ motivation and performance. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 28(12), 2734–2750. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13273

Moen, F., Fikse, C. (2011). Elite coaches’ perceptions of needed coach competencies in elite sport. idrottsforum.org.

Muskanan, K. (2015). Analisis Motivasi Berprestasi Atlet Pusat Pendidikan dan Latihan Olahraga Pelajar Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Administrasi Publik), 19(2), 105-112. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.7608

Myers, N. D., Beauchamp, M. R., & Chase, M. A. (2011). Coaching competency and satisfaction with the coach: A multi-level structural equation model. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(4), 411–422. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.538710

Nabilla, R., Setiawan, M., & Susilowati, C. (2021). The Effects Of Coach Competence And Social Support On Athlete Achievement Through Mediation Of Motivation (A Study On Female Athletes Who Won Asian Games 2018 Medals). International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, 24(5), 88-92.

Nasiruddin, M. N., Fauzee, M. S. O., Sin, I., & Omar, M. N. (2020). The motivation of football players: The impact of coach leadership style in malaysian sports schools. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 8(4), 124–133. https://doi.org/10.13189/saj.2020.080404

Ohuruogu, B., Jonathan, U. I., & Ikechukwu, U. J. (2016). Psychological Preparation for Peak Performance in Sports Competition. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(12), 47–50.

Omar-Fauzee, M., Nazarudin, M., Saputra, Y., Sutresna, N., Taweesuk, D., Abd-Latif, R., & Soh, K. G. (2012). The Strategies for Character Building through Sports Participation. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2(3), 48.

Pelletier, L. G., Rocchi, M. A., Vallerand, R. J., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2013). Validation of the revised sport motivation scale (SMS-II). Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14(3), 329–341. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.12.002

Solihin, M., & Ratmono, D. (2021). Analisis SEM-PLS dengan WarpPLS 7.0 untuk Hubungan Nonlinier dalam Penelitian Sosial dan Bisnis. Penerbit Andi.

Stoner, M. E. (2004). Building ethics, character and sportsmanship in today’s athletes. PSAHPERD, 30–31.

Sucipto, A., Mutohir, T. C., & Sudijandoko, A. (2017). Development Of Coach Competency Evaluation Instrument Of Football School. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health, 4(2), 106–110.

Teo, E. W., Khoo, S., Wong, R., Wee, E. H., Lim, B. H., & Rengasamy, S. S. (2015). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation among adolescent ten-pin bowlers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Journal of Human Kinetics, 45(1), 241–251. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2015-0025

Trevor, D. R., N., Vidya. (2021). A Review of Factors Considered by the Athletes on Accepting their Sport Coaches. International Journal of Management, Technology, and Social Sciences, 6(1), 321–329. https://doi.org/10.47992/ijmts.2581.6012.0148

Weathington, B.L., Alexander, A. C., & Rodebaugh, L. L. (2010). Coaching influences on student-athlete motivation, stress, and skill. Athletic Insight: Online Journal of Sport Psychology, 2(2), 1-18.

Published
2022-12-11
How to Cite
Mu’ammal, I., Muzakki, A., Fakhri, E. A., & Setiawan, E. (2022). The competence of a coach in sports: How does it correlate with athlete motivation?. Journal Sport Area, 7(3), 396-404. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2022.vol7(3).10540
Section
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Abstract viewed = 89 times
PDF downloaded = 40 times SIMILARITY CHECK downloaded = 1 times

Most read articles by the same author(s)