The manuscripts submitted to the journal of earth energy engineering should normally be between 2000 - 6000 words. Manuscripts should be written in English. The manuscript should be written in A4 size paper, single line spacing, font type Sabon LT Std (the font is included in the article template download link), font size 10, with the margin as follow: Left 30 mm, Right 20 mm, Top 20 mm, and Bottom 20 mm. The abstract should be clear, concise, descriptive and should provide a brief introduction to the problem. This should generally be followed by a statement regarding the methodology and a brief summary of the results. The abstract should end with a comment on the significance of the results or a brief conclusion. The abstract should be 150 to 300 words in length. The abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used, and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited in the abstract. The keyword list provides the opportunity to add keywords, used by the indexing and abstracting services, in addition to those already present in the title.
Files must be in MS Word only and should be formatted for direct printing, using the CRC MS Word provided. Figures and tables should be embedded and not supplied separately. Please make sure that you use as many as possible normal fonts in your documents. Special fonts, such as fonts used in the Far East (Japanese, Chinese, Korean, etc.) may cause problems during processing. To avoid unnecessary errors, you are strongly advised to use the spellchecker function of MS Word. Follow this order when typing manuscripts: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Main text (Introduction, Method or Material and Method, Results and Discussion, Conclusion; including figures and tables), Acknowledgements, References, Appendix (If any). Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article and do not include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise.
The Introduction should provide readers with the background information needed to understand your study and the reasons why you conducted your experiments. The Introduction should answer the question: what question/problem was studied?. The author(s) can use this 4-step approach to write the introduction section. (1) Provide background information and set the context. (2) Introduce the specific topic of your research and explain why it is important. (3) Mention past attempts to solve the research problem or to answer the research question. (4) Conclude the Introduction by mentioning the specific objectives of your research.
In the Materials and Methods section, the author(s) should provide the reader with all the details of how they conducted their study.
In the Results section, simply state what you found, but do not interpret the results or discuss their implications. Results should be presented in a logical order. In general, this will be in the order of importance, not necessarily the order in which the experiments were performed. Use the past tense to describe your results; however, refer to figures and tables in the present tense. Do not duplicate data among figures, tables, and text. A common mistake is to re-state much of the data from a table in the text of the manuscript. Instead, use the text to summarize what the reader will find in the table, or mention one or two of the most important data points. It is usually much easier to read data in a table than in the text.
The Discussion section should answer the question: What do your results mean?. Discuss your result in order of most to least important. Compare your results with those from other studies: Are they consistent? If not, discuss possible reasons for the difference. Mention any inconclusive results and explain them as best you can. You may suggest additional experiments needed to clarify your results. Briefly describe the limitations of your study to show reviewers and readers that you have considered your experiment’s weaknesses. Many researchers are hesitant to do this as they feel it highlights the weaknesses in their research to the editor and reviewer. However, doing this actually makes a positive impression on your paper as it makes it clear that you have an in-depth understanding of your topic and can think objectively of your research. Discuss what your results may mean for researchers in the same field as you, researchers in other fields, and the general public. How could your findings be applied?. State how your results extend the findings of previous studies. If your findings are preliminary, suggest future studies that need to be carried out.
The conclusions section wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. After moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument. Conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research. The following outline may help you conclude your paper:
1. Restate your topic and why it is important,
2. Restate your thesis/claim,
3. Address opposing viewpoints and explain why readers should align with your position,
4. Call for action or overview future research possibilities.
Construction of references
References must be listed at the end of the paper. Do not begin them on a new page unless this is necessary. Authors should ensure that every reference in the text appears in the list of references and vice versa. Indicate references by last name and years in the text.
Some examples of how your references should be listed are given at the end of this template in the ‘References’ section, which will allow you to assemble your reference list according to the correct format and font size.
Section headings should be justified, bold, with all letters capitalized, starting with the Introduction. Sub-section headings should be in the first letter capitalized and bold, without number, and justified, with second and subsequent lines indented. All headings should have a minimum of three text lines after them before a page or column break. Ensure the text area is not blank except for the last page.
Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Do not inflate the manuscript with too many references. Avoid excessive self‐citations. Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region. Check each reference against the original source (authors name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number). Please use Reference Manager Applications like EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, etc. Use other published articles in the same journal as models. If you are citing using Mendeley, please use the American Psychological Association for cite model style.
All tables should be numbered with Arabic numerals. Every table should have a caption. Horizontal lines should be placed above and below table headings and at the bottom of the table. Vertical lines should be avoided. The title should use Sabon LT Std with a font size of 9, with 8 pt before and 6 pt after the paragraph, centred at the top of the table. Tables must be embedded in the text and not supplied separately. Below is an example which the authors may find useful.
All figures should be numbered with Arabic numerals (1,2,3,….). Every figure should have a caption. All photographs, schemas, graphs, and diagrams are to be referred to as figures. Line drawings should be good quality scans or true electronic output. Low-quality scans are not acceptable. Figures must be embedded in the text and not supplied separately. In MS word input, the figures must be properly coded. The preferred format of figures is PNG, JPEG, GIF, etc. Lettering and symbols should be clearly defined either in the caption or in a legend provided as part of the figure. Figures should be placed at the top or bottom of a page wherever possible, as close as possible to the first reference to them in the paper. Please ensure that all the figures are of 300 DPI resolutions as this will facilitate good output.
The figure number and caption should be typed below the illustration in 9 pt and centred [Note: one-line captions of length less than the column width (or full typesetting width or oblong) centred].
Equations and formulae should be typed in MathType and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in parentheses on the right-hand side of the page (if referred to explicitly in the text). They should also be separated from the surrounding text by one space.
Acknowledgements and Reference heading should be justified, bold, and capitalised with the first letter but have no numbers. The text below continues as normal.
The main references are international journals and proceedings. All references should be to the most pertinent, up-to-date sources and the minimum of references are 15. References are written in APA 7th ed style. Please use a consistent format for references – see examples below (9 pt):
Kim, S., & Santamarina, C. J. (2013). CO2 breakthrough and leak-sealing - Experiments on shale and cement. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 19, 471–477. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.10.011
Benard, J. H., Richardson, W. C., & Sitton, G. M. (1998). Steam Oil Displacement and Vaporization of Minas Oil in Slimtubes. In SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium (pp. 1–15). Tulsa, Oklahoma: Society of Petroleum Engineering. https://doi.org/10.2118/39639-MS
Sheng, J. J. (2011). Modern Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery (1st ed.). Oxford: Gulf Professional Publishing.
The template for JEEE can be download here.