Sea Surface Temperature and Wind Velocity in Batam Waters Its Relation to Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)
This study aimed to observe the characteristics of sea surface temperature (SST) and wind velocity and its relation with the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) in the waters of Batam. The data used in this study were the SST datasets and the wind speed of 2016 in the waters of Batam. The method used in this research were the visual analysis using the data ocean view (ODV) to observe at the spatial and temporal distribution of the SST and the wind speed in Batam waters at different seasons. The next method is a fast Fourier transform (FFT). The earlier monsoon season that occurred in April has the highest wind speed with the value of 3.9 MS ** - 1 for components U. As for the V, the component has the highest value of -3.6 MS ** - 1. The SST Batam observed high in April occurred on 19-04-2016 with a value of 304.2 ° K (31.05 ° C). West monsoon winds that occurred in January has the highest wind speed with a value of 4.5 MS ** - 1 for components U. As for the V, the component has the highest value of 5.2 MS ** - 1 in the waters of Batam. The highest SST in Batam was occurred in January on 19-01-2016 with a value of 302.8 ° K (29.65 ° C). Based on the results of the FFT, wind speed and SST in the waters of the Island has a dominant 6-month period (semiannual).
Amri, K., Manurung, D., Gaol, J.L. and Baskoro, M.S., 2013. Karakteristik Suhu Permukaan Laut dan Kejadian Upwelling Fase Indian Ocean Dipole Mode Positif di Barat Sumatera dan Selatan Jawa Barat. Jurnal Segara, 9(1), pp.23-35.
Gadgil, S., Vinayachandran, P.N., Francis, P.A. and Gadgil, S., 2004. Extremes of the Indian summer monsoon rainfall, ENSO and equatorial Indian Ocean oscillation. Geophysical Research Letters, 31(12).
Gaol, J.L. and D. Manurung, 2000. El Niño Southern Oscillation Impact on Sea Surface Temperature Derived from Satellite Imagery and its Relationships on Tuna Fishing Ground in the South Java seawaters. AARS. Conference in
Ginzburg, A., Kostianoy, A., & Sheremet, N, 2008. Sea surface temperature variability. The Black Sea Environment, pp.255-275.
Kausarian, H., Sri Sumantyo, J.T., Kuze, H., Aminuddin, J. and Waqar, M.M., 2017. Analysis of Polarimetric Decomposition, Backscattering Coefficient, and Sample Properties for Identification and Layer Thickness Estimation of Silica Sand Distribution Using L-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 43(2), pp.95-108.
Kausarian, H., Sumantyo, J.T.S., Kuze, H., Karya, D. and Panggabean, G.F., 2016. Silica Sand Identification using ALOS PALSAR Full Polarimetry on The Northern Coastline of Rupat Island, Indonesia. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 6(5), pp.568-573.
Kausarian, H., Sumantyo, J. T. S., Kuze, H., Karya, D., & Wiyono, S, 2016. The Origin And Distribution Of Silica Mineral On The Recent Surface Sediment Area, Northern Coastline Of Rupat Island, Indonesia. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12(4). pp.980-989.
Koch-Larrouy, A., Madec, G., Iudicone, D., Atmadipoera, A. and Molcard, R., 2008. Physical processes contributing to the water mass transformation of the Indonesian Throughflow. Ocean Dynamics, 58(3-4), pp.275-288.
Kogan, F.N., 2000. Satellite-observed sensitivity of world land ecosystems to El Nino/La Nina. Remote Sensing of Environment, 74(3), pp.445-462.
Lubis, M.Z. and Si, M., 2016. Signal Processing for Power Spectral Density (PSD). Signal processing for marine acoustic and dolphin using matlab, Edition.
Manyilizu, M., Penven, P. and Reason, C.J.C., 2016. Annual cycle of the upper-ocean circulation and properties in the tropical western Indian Ocean. African Journal of Marine Science, 38(1), pp.81-99.
Mudelsee, M., 2014. Extreme Value Time Series. In Climate Time Series Analysis (pp. 217-267). Springer International Publishing.
Naylor, R. L., Falcon, W. P., Rochberg, D., & Wada, N, 2001. Using El Nino/Southern Oscillation climate data to predict rice production in Indonesia. Climatic Change, 50(3), pp.255-265.
Nieblas, A.E., Demarcq, H., Drushka, K., Sloyan, B. and Bonhommeau, S., 2014. Front variability and surface ocean features of the presumed southern bluefin tuna spawning grounds in the tropical southeast Indian Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 107, pp.64-76.
Sahu, N., Behera, S.K., Yamashiki, Y., Takara, K. and Yamagata, T., 2012. IOD and ENSO impacts on the extreme stream-flows of Citarum river in Indonesia. Climate dynamics, 39(7-8), pp.1673-1680.
Simbolon. D. dan A. Halim, 2005. Suhu Permukaan Laut dan Kaitannya dengan Hasil Tangkapan Ikan Cakalang dan Madidihang di Perairan Sumatera Barat. Buletin Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perairan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.
Surya, G., Khoirunnisa, H., Lubis, M.Z., Anurogo, W., Hanafi, A., Rizky, F., Timbang, D., Situmorang, A.D., Guspriyanto, D., Ramadhan, W.R. and Mandala, G.F.T., 2017. Karakteristik Suhu Permukaan Laut dan Kecepatan Angin di Perairan Batam Hubungannya dengan Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). Dinamika Maritim, 6(1), pp.1-6.
Utama, F.G., Atmadipoera, A.S., Purba, M., Sudjono, E.H. and Zuraida, R., 2017, January. Analysis of upwelling event in Southern Makassar Strait. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 012085). IOP Publishing.
Wang, C., Deser, C., Yu, J.Y., DiNezio, P. and Clement, A., 2017. El Niño and Southern Oscillation (ENSO): A review. In Coral Reefs of the Eastern Tropical Pacific (pp. 85-106). Springer Netherlands.
Wulandari, P.D., Pujiyati, S., Hestirianoto, T. and Lubis, M.Z., 2016. Bioacoustic characteristic click sound and behaviour of male dolphins bottle nose (tursiops aduncus). J Fisheries Livest Prod, 4(160), p.2.
Yang, X.J., Baleanu, D. and Machado, J.T., 2014. Application of the local fractional Fourier series to fractal signals. In Discontinuity and complexity in nonlinear physical systems (pp. 63-89). Springer International Publishing.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright @2016. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium. Copyrights of all materials published in JGEET are freely available without charge to users or / institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, search, or link to full-text articles in this journal without asking by giving appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. All of the remix, transform, or build upon the material must distribute the contributions under the same license as the original.