Shorinji kempo basic technique training method based on local wisdom for beginners kenshi


  • Carles Nyoman Wali Doctoral Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Widiyanto Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Shorinji kempo, training, local wisdom, kenshi


The lack of training models and training creativity in creating traditional game-based training models for kenshi to improve the basic techniques of kempo becomes problems in this study. The purpose of this research is to produce a model of basic martial arts techniques of kempo through traditional games for kenshi beginners. This research is a research and development (R&D) research which was adapted into 8 steps in research: 1). Field news collection 2). Breakdown of the news that has been collected 3). Elaborating initial creation 4). Expert validation and revision 5). Small scale trial 6). Large-scale trial 7). Making the final product 8). Product effectiveness test. The small-scale trial subjects of 20 beginners kenshi were taken from 2 dojos, namely the Panjatan Junior High School dojo and the Amikom dojo. The large-scale test subjects totaling 45 beginners kenshi were taken from 3 dojos, namely Balong, Triharjo, and SD Gunung Kidul. The subjects in this study came from 5 dojos in Perkemi DIY. Data were collected through interviews, distributing questionnaires, field notes, evaluation, and assessment rubrics for beginner kenshi. The results of this study are in the form of training models for basic techniques of kempo martial arts through traditional games for beginner kenshi, and there are five training models: 1. gobak sodor, 2. yeye, 3. pahtil catfish, 4. zogdag, 5. stick dance. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the traditional game-based kempo martial arts training model for kenshi beginners is feasible to use. The author's recommendation to other prospective researchers is to examine traditional games in an approach with other disciplines and use professional research subjects in other sports.


Download data is not yet available.


Baker, J., Schorer, J., Lemez, S., & Wattie, N. (2019). Understanding high achievement: The case for eminence. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(1), 123–143.

Bartkus, K. R., Nemelka, B., Nemelka, M., & Gardner, P. (2012). Clarifying the meaning of extracurricular activity: A literature review of definitions. American Journal of Business Education (AJBE), 5(6), 694–698.

Bowman, P. (2017). The definition of martial arts studies. Martial Arts Studies, 3(6), 12–15.

Bowman, P. (2021). The Invention of Martial Arts. In The Invention of Martial Arts, 1(3), 272–276.

Brandão, A. P., & Lordelo, L. da R. (2017). The meanings of extracurricular activities for ballarinian children. Psicologia Escolar e Educacional, 2(2), 10–13.

Cynarski, W. J., Pawelec, P., Yu, J.-H., Slopecki, J., Bielec, G., & Kubala, K. (2018). Young people practicing martial arts and their perception of success. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports,7(3),790–781.

Downey, G. (2014). ‘As Real As It Gets!’ Producing hyperviolence in mixed martial arts. JOMEC Journal, 14(3), 13–19. 0306312706072174

Du, Y., Grace, T. D., Jagannath, K., & Salen-Tekinbas, K. (2021). Connected play in virtual worlds: Communication and control mechanisms in virtual worlds for children and adolescents. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction, 5(5), 27–29.

Feng, C., Wang, H., Lu, N., Chen, T., He, H., Lu, Y., & Tu, X. M. (2014). Log-transformation and its implications for data analysis. Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry, 26(2), 105–108.

Filho, W. L., & Kovaleva, M. (2015). Research methods. In Environmental Science and Engineering (Subseries: Environmental Science), 5(1), 95–103.

Finnegan, E. G., & Accardo, A. L. (2018). Understanding Character Perspective: Strategies to Support Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Reading Teacher, 40(7), 890–892.

Fonagy, P., Gergely, G., Jurist, E. L., & Target, M. (2018). Affect regulation, mentalization and the development of the self. In Affect Regulation, Mentalization and the Development of the Self, 16(3), 301–305.

Guest, A. M. (2018). The social organization of extracurricular activities: Interpreting developmental meanings in contrasting high schools. Qualitative Psychology, 4(2), 285–293.

Gupta, J., & Vegelin, C. (2016). Sustainable development goals and inclusive development. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 5(1), 41–58.

Haiat, H., Bar-Mor, G., & Shochat, M. (2003). The world of the child: A world of play even in the hospital. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 18(3), 209–212.

Hanif, A. S. (2016). Falsafah Pengukuran dan Teknik Dasar Shorinji Kempo. Rajawali Pers.

Hariadi. (2016). Pengembangan Model Latihan Gerak Dasar Karate Melalui Modifikasi Permainan Tradisional untuk pemula. UNY Press.

Ingleby, E. (2012). Research methods in education. Professional Development in Education, 38(3), 507–509.

Irwan, I., & Mulyadi, M. (2017). Analisis Medan Makna ‘Seni Bela Diri Khas Jepang’ Dalam Huruf Kanji Bu (武). Izumi, 6(2), 31–49.

James, L. P., Robertson, S., Haff, G. G., Beckman, E. M., & Kelly, V. G. (2017). Identifying the performance characteristics of a winning outcome in elite mixed martial arts competition. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20(3), 296-301.

Kamarudin. (2014). Pengaruh Metode Berbeban Terhadap Kecepatan Tendangan Sabit Pada Atlet Pencak Silat Unit Kegiatan Mahasiswa Universitas Islam Riau. Jurnal Primary, 3(2), 79–80.

Kim, H.-S., Han, D.-I., & Kwon, O.-R. (2019). Definition for Martial Arts from the Perspective of Taijiquan. The Journal of the Korean Society for the Philosophy of Sport, Dance, & Mattps:rtial Arts,13(5), 210–212.

Kusnierz, C., Cynarski, W. J., & Gorner, K. (2017). Social reception and understanding of combat sports and martial arts by both school students and adults. Ido Movement for Culture, 17(1), 30–37.

Liang, L. M., Zou, C. G., Xu, J., & Zhang, K. Q. (2019). Signal pathways involved in microbe-nematode interactions provide new insights into the biocontrol of plant-parasitic nematodes. In Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 17(3), 180–183.

Long, J. D. (2012). Unifying Hinduism: Philosophy and Identity in Indian Intellectual History - By Andrew J. Nicholson. Religious Studies Review, 5(4), 262.

Lorge, P. A. (2011). Chinese martial arts: From antiquity to the twenty-first century. In Chinese Martial Arts: From Antiquity to the Twenty-First Century, 11(3), 220–223.

Maulida, S. H., & Jatmiko. (2019). Pembelajaran Matematika Berbasis Etnomatematika Melalui Permainan Tradisional Engklek. UNY Press.

Misaki, S. (2013). The Words Of So Doshin. Kobunsha. Pubns. Inc; 2nd Printing edition

Nisak, R. (2011). Seabrek Games Asyik-Edukatif untuk Mengajar PAUD/TK. Jakarta: Diva Press.

Park, C., & Kim, T. Y. (2016). Historical views on the origins of Korea’s Taekwondo. International Journal of the History of Sport, 33(9), 9–12.

Petri, K., Bandow, N., Masik, S., & Witte, K. (2019). Improvement of Early Recognition of Attacks in Karate Kumite Due to Training in Virtual Reality. Journal Sport Area, 4(2), 294–308.

Ricci, J. M., Clevenger, K. A., Sellers, S., Davenport, S., & Pfeiffer, K. A. (2020). Associations between extracurricular activity participation and health-related variables in underrepresented children. Sports Medicine and Health Science, 6(1), 102–108.

Saddhono, K., Pitaloka, R. I., Devilito, R., Mulyaningsih, I., Sudarsana, I. K., Isnaniah, S., Istanti, W., & Septiana, H. (2018). Relationship between effective sentence understanding and achievement motivation with description text writing skill on google classroom. International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7(2), 135–137.

Samuel, G., & Johnston, J. (2013). Religion and the subtle body in Asia and the West: Between mind and body. In Religion and the Subtle Body in Asia and the West: Between Mind and Body, 5(8), 82–87.

Sandgren, E. P., Streiffer, R., Dykema, J., Assad, N., & Moberg, J. (2020). Attitudes toward animals, and how species and purpose affect animal research justifiability, among undergraduate students and faculty. PLoS ONE, 15(8), 215–219.

Saputra, S. Y. (2017). Permainan Tradisional vs Permainan Modern dalam Penanaman Nilai Karakter di Sekolah Dasar. Elementary School Education Journal), 1(1), 15–18.

Scheunemann, T. (2012). Kurikulum sepakbola Indonesia Untuk Usia Dini (u15-u12), Usia Muda (u13-u20) & Senior. Gramedia.

Septiadi, A., Widiastuti., & Hernawan. (2019). Model latihan speed endurance berbasis senam pencak silat untuk usia remaja. Journal Sport Area, 4(2), 285–293.

Sheard, J. (2018). Quantitative data analysis. In Research Methods: Information, Systems, and Contexts: Second Edition, 18(2), 227–230.

Shufelt, C. (2011). Sources: Martial Arts of the World: An Encyclopedia of History and Innovation. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 51(1), 117–200.

So, D (1981). What is Shorinji Kempo. Japan Pubns. Inc; 2nd Printing edition.

Stark, L., & Landis, D. (2016). Violence against children in humanitarian settings: A literature review of population-based approaches. Social Science and Medicine, 1(52), 125–137.

Strydom, H. (2013). An evaluation of the purposes of research in social work. Social Work (South Africa), 49(2), 8–11.

Ramadhani, A., & Purwanto, S. (2017). Pengembangan latihan teknik dasar judo melalui model permainan untuk pejudo pemula usia 8-12 tahun. Jurnal Keolahragaan, 5(1), 1-10.

Taylor, K. E., Stouffer, R. J., & Meehl, G. A. (2012). An overview of CMIP5 and the experiment design. In Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 11(1), 25–28.

Taylor, S. C., & Posch, A. (2014). The design of a quantitative western blot experiment. In BioMed Research International, 30(4), 560–563.

Wali, C. N., & Widiyanto. (2020). Peningkatan Gerak Geri Komi Melalui Gaya Melatih Secara Otoriter Dalam Bela Diri Kempo Dojo Persatuan Guru 1945 Kupang. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pendidikan,3(2), 115-125.

Weststrate, J., Dijkstra, G., Eshuis, J., Gianoli, A., & Rusca, M. (2019). The Sustainable Development Goal on Water and Sanitation: Learning from the Millennium Development Goals. Social Indicators Research, 3(1), 20–23.

Wetzler, S. (2015). Martial arts studies as Kulturwissenschaft: A possible theoretical framework. Martial Arts Studies, 6(2), 10–13.

Xu, C., Li, Q., Qu, X., Chen, J., & Zhou, A. (2020). Ant–hemipteran association decreases parasitism of Phenacoccus solenopsis by endoparasitoid Aenasius bambawalei. Ecological Entomology, 12(4), 290–292.

Yates, R. D. S. (2015). Chinese Martial Arts from Antiquity to the Twenty-first Century, written by Peter A. Lorge. Journal of Chinese Military History, 4(7), 675–679.

Züst, T., Heichinger, C., Grossniklaus, U., Harrington, R., Kliebenstein, D. J., & Turnbull, L. A. (2012). Natural enemies drive geographic variation in plant defenses. Science, 338(6103), 116–119.



How to Cite

Wali, C. N., & Widiyanto. (2021). Shorinji kempo basic technique training method based on local wisdom for beginners kenshi. Journal Sport Area, 6(3), 421–432.



Received 2021-02-12
Accepted 2021-07-18
Published 2021-12-17