A Study on influence of organic ligands on migration of heavy metals through compacted clayey soil
This paper presents the feasibility study on utilization of locally available clayey soil as Compacted Clay Liner based on its contaminant migration capacity under the presence of organic chemical EDTA (Ethylene Diamine Tetra acetic Acid) which is abundantly released into the environment. Lead, Nickel, cadmium and chromium ions was selected as contaminants and its migration properties are assessed by conducting column studies with a single and multiple heavy metal solution with the EDTA. From the experimental investigations, it is revealed that with the presence of EDTA, the contaminant breakthrough time get reduced due to soluble metal – EDTA complex formation. At pH 2, interaction with multi metal, the mobility was increased and the order of mobility was observed as Cr > Cd > Ni > Pb. With the presence of EDTA in multi metal system at pH 2, the order of the mobility was Cr > Ni > Cd > Pb and at pH 7 the mobility of heavy metals were increased the order was Cr > NI > Pb > Cd. This study reveals that locally available clayey soil is capable of retaining heavy metals and it may be used as a compacted clay liner, where organic chemical like (EDTA) ingression is present.
Benson C. H., Daniel D. E and Boutwell G. P., 1999. Field Performance of compacted clay liner. Journal of Geotechnical and Geo – Environmental Engineering, 125(5), pp. 390 – 403.
Bowers A. R and Huang C. P., 1985. Adsorption Characteristics of Metal – EDTA complexes onto Hydrous Oxides. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 110(2), pp. 575 – 590.
Bradl H. B., 2004. Adsorption of Heavy metal ions om soils and soil sediments. Journal of Colloid and interface science. 277, pp. 1 – 18.
Chen S. S., Hsu H. D., Lin Y. J and Chin P. Y., 2008. “Removal of EDTA from low pH printed-circuit board wastewater in a fluidized zero valent Iron reactor”. Water Science and Technology, 58(3):pp.661–667.
Daneshvar N., salari D., Aber S., 2002. Chromium adsorption and Cr (VI) reduction to trivalent chromium in aqueous solutions by soya cake. Journal of Hazardous Materials, B94; pp. 49 – 61.
Daniel D. E., 1994. State of the art: Laboratory hydraulic conductivity tests for saturated soils. Hydraulic conductivity and waste contaminant transport in soil, ASTM STP 1142, pp.30 – 78.
Gleason, M. H., Daniel, D. E and Eykholt, G. R., 1997. Calcium and sodium bentonite for hydraulic containment applications. Journal of Geotechnical and Geo-environmental Engineering, ASCE 123 (5), 438–445.
Goodall D. C and Quigly R. M., 1997. Pollutant migration from two sanitary landfill sites near Sarnia, Ontario. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 14, pp. 223 – 236.
Gosh S., Mukherjee S., Al – Hamdan A. Z and Reddy K. R., 2013. Efficiency of fine grained soil as landfill liner material for containment of chrome tannery sludge. Geotech Geologic engineering, 31, pp.493 – 500.
Hamadneth I., Zurayk R. A., Irmaileh B. A., Bozeya A and Al – Dujaili A. H., 2015. Adsorption of Pb (II) on raw and organically modified Jordanian bentonite. Clay Minerology, 50, pp.485 – 496.
IS 2720-IV., 2006. Indian Standard Methods Of Test For Soils (IS : 2720 (Part IV) - 1985 (Reaffirmed 2006)). pp.1–43.
IS 2720-V., 2006. Indian Standard Methods Of Test For Soils (IS : 2720 (Part V) - 1985 (Reaffirmed 2006)). pp.1–20.
IS 2720-VII., 2011. Indian Standard Methods Of Test For Soils (IS : 2720 (Part V) - 1980 (Reaffirmed 2011)). pp.1–16.
IS 2720-XL., 2002. Indian Standard Methods Of Test For Soils (IS : 2720 (Part V) - 1977 (Reaffirmed 2002)). pp.1–10.
IS 2720-XVII., 2002. Indian Standard Methods Of Test For Soils (IS : 2720 (Part XVII) - 1986 (Reaffirmed 2002)). pp.1–18.
IS 2720-XXIV., 2010. Indian Standard Methods Of Test For Soils (IS : 2720 (Part XXIV) - 1976 (Reaffirmed 2010)). pp.1–11.
Jose E. R., Mateus A. G., Luiz C. A. O., Elaine F. F. C and Teodorico C. R., 2014. Use of Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic Acid as a Scavenger for Chromium from “wet Blue” Lather Waste: Thermodynamic and Kinetic Parameters. Journal of Chemistry, 2014, pp. 1 – 8.
Koerner, R. M. and Daniel, D.E., 1993. Manufacturing and construction quality control and quality assurance of geosynthetics. Proceedings GRI-6, MQC/MQA and CQC/CQA of Geosynthetics, 1-14.
Kumar P. R and Singh D. N., 2005. A Novel technique for monitoring contaminant transport through soils. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 109; pp: 147 – 160.
Li X., Yang L., Yanfeng, Ye. Z and He A., 2012. Efficient Removal of Cd2+ from Aqueous Solutions by adsorption on PS-EDTA Resigns: Equilibrium, Isotherms, and Kinetic Studies”. Journal of Environmental Engineering ASCE 138(9), pp. 940 – 948.
Liu Y., Li H and Zhu X. H., 2010. Competitive Adsorption of Ag+, Pb2+, Ni2+, and Cd2+ ions on vermiculite. Separation Science and Technology, 45(2), pp.277 – 287.
Marina I., Margherita L., Angle N and Alfredo P., 2003. Toxicity Identification evaluation of leachates from municipal solid waste landfills: A multispecies approach. Chemosphere. 52, pp. 85 -94.
Mohamed, A.M.O and Antia, H.E., 1998. Geo-environmental Engineering, 82, Elsevier science, Netherlands.
Mohamedzein Y. E. A., Al - Rawas A. A., Al - Aghbari Mohammad Y., Ahmed Q and Abdul H.A. R., 2005. Assessment of crushed shales for use as compacted landfill liners. Engineering Geology, 80(3–4): pp.271–281.
Mulligan C. N., Yong R. N and Gibbs B. F., 2001. Remediation technologies for metal contaminated soils and ground water: an evaluation. Engineering Geology, 60, pp. 193 – 207.
Nastaran M and Alain B., 2009. EDTA in soil science: A review of its application in soil trace Metal studies. Terrestrial and Aquatic Environmental toxicology (Global Science Book).
Ogata A and Banks R. B., 1961. A solution of the differential equation of longitudinal dispersion in porous media. U. S. Geological Survey Professional paper 411 – A, U. S. Geological Survey, Washington. D. C.
Oviedo C and Rodríguez J., 2003. EDTA: The chelating agent under environmental scrutiny. Quimica Nova, 26(6): pp.901–905.
Paulo C. G., Mauricio P. F. F., Aberbal G. S., Eduardo S. M and Andre R. N., 2001. Selectivity sequence and competitive adsorption of Heavy metals by Brazilian soils. Journal of soil science society of America, 65, pp. 1115 – 1121.
Peters R. W and Shem L., 1992. Adsorption/Desorption characteristics of lead on various types of soil. Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy, 11(3): pp.234–240.
Peters R.W., 1999. Chelant extraction of heavy metals from contaminated soils. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 66(1–2): pp.151–210.
Quaranta, J., Gabr, M., Bowders, J., 1996. First exposure performance of the bentonite component of a GCL in a low-pH, calcium-enriched environment. In: Well, L.W. (Ed.), Testing of Geo-synthetic Clay Liners, ASTM STP 1308. ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA, pp. 162–177.
Rajesh R. P., Lewlyn L. R. R., Asish O. M and Sunith H., 2014. Impact of urbanization on municipal solid waste management: A system Dynamic Approach. International journal of Renewable Energy and environmental engineering, 2(1), pp. 31 – 37.
Ramakrishna C. H., Naik M., Sumalatha J and Sivapullaiah V., 2011. Diffusion coefficient of ions in migration through soil liners. International Journal of the Physical Sciences Vol. 6(30), pp. 7044 -7054.
Raymond N. Y and Yuwaree P., 1993. pH influence on selectivity and retention of heavy metals in some clay soils. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 30(5), pp.821 – 833.
Reddy K. R., Chaparro C and Saichek R. E., 2003. Removal of mercury from clayey soils using electro kinetics. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances and environmental engineering, Journal of environmental science and health, 38(2): pp.307–338.
Reddy K. R., Danda S., Yukselen – A.Y and Al- Hamdan A.Z., 2010. Sequestration of heavy metals in soils from two polluted industrial sites: implications for remediation. Land Contamination and Reclamation, 18(1): pp.13–23.
Rowe, R.K., 2005. Long-term performance of contaminant barrier systems. Géotechnique, 55(9), 631-638.
Shackelford C. D., 1994. Critical Concepts for column testing. Journal of geotechnical engineering, 120 (10), pp. 1804 – 1828.
Shackelford, C.D., 1994. Waste soil interactions that alter hydraulic conductivity. In: Daniel, D.E., Trautwein, S.J. (Eds.), Hydraulic Conductivity and Waste Containment Transport, ASTM STP 1142. ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA, pp. 111–168.
Sherene T., 2010. Mobility and transport of heavy metals in polluted soils environment. Biological Forum – an International journal, 2(2), pp. 112 – 121.
Soares R. M., Casagrande J. C and Mouta E. R., (2011. Nickel Adsorption by variable charge soils: effect of pH and ionic strength. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 54(1), pp. 207 – 220.
Wang P and Keller A., 2008. Particle-size dependent sorption and desorption of pesticides within a water-soil-nonionic surfactant system. Environmental science and technology, 42(9): pp.3381–3387.
Wang P, Xue Q, Li J. S and Zhang T. T., 2015. Effect of pH on leaching behaviour of compacted cement solidification/ stabilization lead contaminated soil. Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy, 35(1), pp. 149 – 155.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright @2016. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium. Copyrights of all materials published in JGEET are freely available without charge to users or / institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, search, or link to full-text articles in this journal without asking by giving appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. All of the remix, transform, or build upon the material must distribute the contributions under the same license as the original.