Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JGEET <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>JGEET (Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology) </strong>&nbsp;<strong>(E-ISSN&nbsp;: 2541-5794, P-ISSN&nbsp;: 2503-216X )</strong> is a peer-reviewed and open access journal that publishes significant and important research from area of geological science, related with engineering, environment, and technology. We accept submission from all over the world on English language. Editorial Board members are prominent and active researchers in geological sciences and engineering fields who ensure efficient, fair, and constructive peer-review process. All accepted articles will be published and available to all readers with worldwide visibility and coverage. Our Journal already <a href="http://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JGEET/indexing">indexed </a>in DOAJ, EBSCO, SINTA, GARUDA, Indonesia One Search, Crossref, Index Copernicus, OCLC, BASE, and University Libraries around the world.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>ACCREDITED by Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia, <a title="Accreditation Certificate" href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/10nMJk53RiV-BVIwjTjgiyBCN2GUGsl6q/view" target="_blank" rel="noopener">No.30/E/KPT/2018</a>,&nbsp;October 24, 2018</strong></p> UIR PRESS en-US Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology 2503-216X <p>Copyright @2019. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons&nbsp;Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium.&nbsp;Copyrights of all materials published in JGEET are freely available without charge to users or / institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, search, or link to&nbsp;full-text&nbsp;articles in this journal without asking&nbsp;by giving&nbsp;appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and&nbsp;indicate if changes were made. All of the&nbsp;remix, transform, or build upon the material must distribute the contributions under the&nbsp;same license&nbsp;as the original.&nbsp;</p> Front Matter JGEET Vol. 07 No. 02 2022 https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JGEET/article/view/9920 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</p> JGEET (J. Geoscience Eng. Environ. Technol.) Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 7 2 Analysis of Grain Morphology, Mineral Composition, and Ore Grade on Gold Placer Deposits in Bantimurung, Pangkep Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JGEET/article/view/9164 <p>The information through social media shows that there is quite an intense placer mining activity by local residents in the Bantimurung area, Tondong Tallasa District, Pangkep Regency. This study as a preliminary research aims to determine the grain morphology characteristics of mineral composition and metal grade in gold placer deposits in the study area. The data collected were eight samples. The collected samples were prepared into thin section, polished and observed using a microscope to identify the mineral composition and grain morphology. The grades of Au metal and its associated metals consisting of Ag, Zn, Pb, and Cu in the placer samples were analyzed by the AAS method. Petrography shows abundant of quartz, plagioclase, biotite and pyroxene minerals it might be indication of mineralization of epithermal. Ore petrography shows pyrite present along the river, silver is also found quite a lot along the river. Meanwhile, covellite, magnetite, sphalerite, and garnet were found only slightly at the sampling station this mineral composition indicates that the source of the placer deposits was epithermal. The grain morphology of the thin-section observation shows that quartz dominant has a high sphericity with character of roundness tends to be very angular to sub-rounded from upstream to downstream of the river. Plagioclase tends to have sub rounded roundness and high sphericity. Biotite tends to have a high sphericity with roundness from upstream to downstream is very angular, then angular, then sub-rounded. Pyroxenes tend to have high sphericity with very angular and angular roundness. Au content is directly proportional to Cu and inversely proportional to Zn, Pb, and Ag. Statistically Au affects the content of Cu by 50.97%. It can be concluded that Au is genetically associated with Cu, however Au grains that were still attached to the mineral and had not been separated from other minerals so that it could not be seen visually. This can also indicate that the source of this placer deposit is not far from the study site. Au grade corelated with stream sediment types it is 97,86 ppm for channel bar and 94,16 ppm for point bar, based on this we conclude the downstream has higher grade of Au compare to the upstream.</p> Ulva Ria Irfan Angga Alamin Husain Irzal Nur Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 7 2 39 48 10.25299/jgeet.2022.7.2.9164 Laboratory Study On The Utilization of Jackruit Skin Waste Into Car-boxymethyl Cellulose and Their Effect On The Rheological Properties Of Drilling Mud https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JGEET/article/view/7066 <p>The value rheology of drilling mud must be in accordance with the conditions of wellbore that do not lead to the occurrence of the problems at the time of drilling.&nbsp; One of the efforts to improve the rheology of drilling mud is by adding Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) which is useful for increasing viscosity and binding water. This study aims to identify the effect on the use of CMC originating from jackfruit skin to the rheological properties of drilling mud. Jackfruit skin is an underutilized organic waste and the structure of jackfruit skin contains 50-55% cellulose. Manufacturing phase of synthesizing CMC skin jackfruit includes the process of delignification, alkalization, carboximetilation, and sieve sample to be powdered CMC and subsequently carried out the test of plastic viscosity, yield point , gel strength by using a Fann VG Meter and mud cake using a marsh funnel and volume filtration using a filter press . The added mass of CMC jackfruit skin were varied from 1 g, 2 g, 3 g, 4 g to 5 g. The results suggest that the addition of jackfruit skin CMC has an effect on the rheology of drilling mud. Increasingly many additions additive CMC skin jackfruit who use the increasingly high- value rheology mud drilling were obtained. Furthermore, the addition of CMC jackfruit skin starting from 1gr – 5 gr meets the API 13, a standard for the value of yield point/viscosity plastic, plastic viscosity and maximum volume of filtrate. While the value of gel strength which meets the API 13 A is with the addition of CMC jackfruit skin as much as 5 grams.</p> Novrianti Novrianti Adi Novriansyah Idham Khalid Zata Dini Amani Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 7 2 59 68 10.25299/jgeet.2022.7.2.7066 The Petrology and Volcano-Stratigraphy of The Muria-Peninsula High-K Volcanic Rocks, Central Java, Indonesia https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JGEET/article/view/9602 <p>The Muria-Peninsula is a Quaternary volcano located in the northern Sunda arc. Its activity was controlled under high potassic and very high potassic magma series resulting in leucite-rich trachyte and pyroxene-rich basaltic-andesite. It is a strato-type volcano that is composed of lava, breccia, and tuff layers, and some dikes have some volcanic craters and maars varying in age and composition. The study area is covering the volcanoes of Muria, Genuk, and Patiayam. This paper aims to describe the petrology, mineralogy, and volcano-stratigraphy of the different volcanic materials. The data and materials were sourced from the primary and secondary data. The methods are field mapping, stratigraphy measurements, collecting samples, thin section analyses, and major element geochemistry using X-Ray fluorescence (XRF). The results describe two groups of volcanic rocks consisting of pyroxene-rich andesitic-basaltic volcanic materials and leucite-rich trachytic volcanic materials. Augite presents in the andesitic basalt together with small grains of olivine and a few anorthite and foid minerals. Aegirine (Na-Pyroxene) is present in the leucite-rich trachyte that is often associated with biotite and hornblende. Na-Ca Plagioclase such as labradorite-andesine is often present in the basaltic-trachy-andesite that is usually rarely leucite. The major elements show high-K volcanic rocks with % K<sub>2</sub>O is 4-5.9% and very high-K volcanic rocks (with % K<sub>2</sub>O is between 6-8.24%) and low-K volcanic rocks that contain % K<sub>2</sub>O is 2-3,9%. There are two groups of high-K to very high-K volcanic materials consisting of silicic-rich volcanic materials (~57-64% of SiO<sub>2</sub>) and low-silicic volcanic materials (~46-50%). The TAS diagram identifies tephrite, phonolite, and trachyte. Stratigraphic data identifies calcareous sediments of the Bulu Formation as the basement rocks of the Muria trachyandesite. Beds of pumice-rich volcanic breccia of the Ujungwatu Formation are the basement rocks of the basanite-tephrite of the Genuk Volcano, and the tuff of the Ujungwatu is also exposed consisting of the basanite-tephritic-phonolite of the Patiayam Volcano. The leucite-like feldspars are very common in the andesite lava and dikes that compose the crater of Muria. Most of the Muria volcanic materials are rarely in leucite, while some maars contain pumice-rich pyroclastic flows and basaltic lava. The results of the major elemental analysis of the Muria materials indicate that the rock tends to be of medium to high K affinity (~2% K2O). The Genuk and older Muria are consisting of leucite-rich tephrite-phonolite. It was two periods of magmatic series developed in the Muria-Peninsula that was resulting in the high-K to very high-K magmatism and the medium K Kalk-alkaline magmatism.</p> Sri Mulyaningsih Sutikno Bronto Arie Kusniadi Lilis Apriyanti L. Budiyanto Danis Agoes Wiloso Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 7 2 69 80 10.25299/jgeet.2022.7.2.9602 Morphotectonic Control of Land Movements at Wundulako Region, Kolaka Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JGEET/article/view/9235 <p>This research is located at Wundulako District, Kolaka Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province. The purpose of this study are to determine the level of tectonic activity and the effect of tectonic activity on the land movement of the study area. Based on the DEM (Digital Elevation Model) analysis, geomorphology of the study area is dominated by mountains unit that indicate the influence of tectonic activity. Geomorphological aspects were analyzed to determine the tectonic classes in the study area such as watershed and non-watershed analysis. The results showed that, tectonic class of the study area is classified as very high and moderate tectonic class. The effect of tectonic class level on land movement in the study area shows a least correlation. This interprets that the cause of land movement at study area is not only influenced by tectonic factors but is also influenced by other factors such as rainfall, lithological conditions, geomorphology, earthquakes, and human activities. This shows that morphotectonic control has little effect on the land movements at Wundulako District, Kolaka Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province, but is also influenced by other factors such as rainfall, lithological conditions, geomorphology, earthquakes, and human activities.</p> Martono Hasria Suryawan Asfar Muhammad Arba Azzaman La Ode Ngkoimani Ali Okto La Hamimu Irawati Sawaludin La Ode Muhammad Iradat Salihin Wahab Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 7 2 80 86 10.25299/jgeet.2022.7.2.9235 The Role of Inertinite Characteristics and Coal Porosity of Seam A-1 of Muara Enim Formation in West Merapi, Lahat, South Sumatera, Indonesia https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JGEET/article/view/8986 <p>Coal contains a complex network of nano-, meso-, and a macro-pore can store fluids and allow fluids to flow through it. Nanoporosity in coal is primarily a result of molecules that have aromatic molecular structures and have been preserved in coal. Most adsorbate compounds, including gases, are stored here. The study area is located in South Sumatera, West Merapi Area, Lahat Regency. Geologically, the area in South Sumatra Basin belongs to the Middle-Late Miocene Muara Enim Formation. Using the ply-by-ply method, coal samples were taken directly from Seam-A in the coal mine walls outcrop, based on macroscopically determinable lithotype information. During laboratory analyses, coal is microscopically analyzed to determine the amount of porosity, permeability, and vitrinite reflectance. The purpose of this study is to investigate the change in composition and characteristics of inertinite macerals when the porosity value is varied.. Vitrinite content is between 91.00-92.80 %; liptinite 0.90-3.40%; inertinite 3.70-4.80%; mineral matter 0.7%-1.8%. Withh a vitrinite reflectance average of 0.34-0.36%, the variation in composition is an indication of changes in plant communities or coal facies. It is generally classified as sub-bituminous coal (ASTM). Porosity value of seam A upper &nbsp;is 1.9% and seam A lower 1.51%, permeability value seam A upper is 70.1 mD and seam A lower 27.1%. Composition of mineral matter in seam A upper is 0.8%&nbsp; and seam A lower 1.7%.&nbsp; The increasing number of inertinite pore is followed by lower porosity value. The inertinite maceral is predominantly aromatic with a high level of cross-linking, and exhibits a high level of aromatization and condensation. They have the highest carbon and the lowest oxygen hydrogen content. A coal maceral's porosity is composed of void spaces, such as open cell lumens preserved in semifusinite and sclerotinite. The porosity of cleats is the percentage of volume in relation to volume of coal, and the porosity of permeability. In coal, semifusinite has extensive interconnected pores that can form significant conduits for fluid flow.</p> Basuki Rahmad Budi Prayitno Susilawati S.S.R Sugeng Ediyanto Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 7 2 87 94 10.25299/jgeet.2022.7.2.8986 Residual Strength Parameter Method for Slope stability on a Toll Road with Expansive Clay https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JGEET/article/view/9251 <p>The decreasing stability phenomenon needs to be considered during the design of cut slopes on problematic soil. Excavation slope of toll road construction tends to fail when it lies above clay-shale strata. Certain common correlations and ordinary analytical methods are not recommended for safety calculation. This study is intended to find out the characteristic of clay-shale and proper slope inclination design on Semarang Batang Toll Road. The behaviour of a clay-shale area on the cut slope of Batang-Semarang toll road segment STA 438+000–STA 439+000 was identified. The degradable and expansive properties caused slope failure of the initial design with an inclination of 1 H: 1 V. Laboratory tests found that the soil had a clay faction &gt; 40% and can be categorized as high plasticity (LL &gt; 50%). An empirical approach determined that the residual shear strength decreased to phi &lt; 6 degrees. To describe the swelling after the excavation stage, the flow deformation was determined by a finite element simulation. During the swelling phase, the pore water pressure was maintained at a certain value, and a gentler slope fulfilled the minimum safety factor with an inclination of 1 V: 3 H. Furthermore, the shear strength of the clay-shale was reduced to that for a fully softened material, and all the slope factors for safety moved to a critical state. According to the simulation, the minimum suggested slope inclination is 5 H: 1 V. This approach is important for the maintenance of pore water pressure and the prevention of an additional reduction in the shear strength so as to avoid slope failure on clay-shale regions in the yielding stage.</p> Goji Pamungkas Thomas Triadi Putranto Suharyanto Muhrozi Yanuar Niko Priambodo Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 7 2 49 58 10.25299/jgeet.2022.7.2.9251 Back matter JGEET Vol 07 No 02 2022 https://journal.uir.ac.id/index.php/JGEET/article/view/9921 <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</p> JGEET (J. Geoscience Eng. Environ. Technol.) Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 7 2