A Study On Influence Of Real Municipal Solid Waste Leachate On Properties Of Soils In Warangal, India

  • Sudheer Kumar Yantrapalli Department of Civil Engineering, NIT Warangal, Warangal, India
  • Hari Krishna P Department of Civil Engineering, NIT Warangal, Warangal, India
  • Srinivas Srinivas Department of Civil Engineering, NIT Warangal, Warangal, India
Keywords: Soil Contamination, Leachate, Atterberg limits, Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS), Swell potential, Hydraulic Conductivity


Warangal city generates three hundred tons of garbage daily which is dropped into the Rampur dump yard by Warangal Municipal Corporation (WMC). Dumping of wastes will lead to the formation of leachate which in turn will cause environmental issues like soil and ground water contamination. Chemical analysis of leachate indicates that calcium, chloride, sodium and magnesium are the major ions, along with organic content. This leads to contamination of soil as well as ground water bodies. In this study, authors have attempted to know the behavior of soil under the influence of leachate. Contaminated specimens were prepared and tested for Atterberg limits, shear strength, swell potential and hydraulic conductivity of CH and SC which are present in the dumping yard. Index properties, hydraulic conductivity and swell potential decreased with increase in leachate concentration. Unconfined compressive strength also showed an increase. The decrease in hydraulic conductivity indicated the clogging of pores. In a nutshell, the present work deals with the impact of leachate on the index and engineering properties of CH and red soil.


Download data is not yet available.


Eric M.F., Ernest K., Yanful,. 2008. Interactions between three tropical soils and municipal solid waste landfill Leachate. Journal of Geotechnical and Geo-environmental Engineering134, 379 – 395.

Foreman, D.E., Daniel, D.E., 1986. Permeation of compacted clay with organic chemicals. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE 112 (7), 669–681.

IS 2720-10., Methods of test for soils, Part 10. Determination of unconfined compressive strength.

IS 2720-4., Methods of test for soils, Part 4. Grain size analysis.

IS 2720-5., Methods of test for soils, Part 5 Determination of liquid and plastic limit.

Khan, A.K., Pise, P.J., 1994. Effect of liquid wastes on the physico-chemical properties of lateritic soils. Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference, 189–194.

Khan, S.A., Rao, C.U., Bandyopadhyay, M., 1994. Characteristics of leachates from solid wastes. Indian Journal of Environmental Health 36 (4), 248–257.

Mathew P.K., Rao, S.N., 1997. Influence of cations on compressibility behaviour of a marine clay. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 123 (11), 1071–1073.

Mesri, G., Olson, R.E., 1970. Shear strength of Montmorillonite. Geotechnique 20 (3), 261–270.

Mitchell, J. K and Soga, K., 2005. Fundamentals of soil behavior. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, N.Y.

Murat, O., Mustafa, Y., 2009. Effect of organic fluids on the Geotechnical behavior of a highly plastic clayey soil. Journal of Applied Clay Science, 48, 615 - 621.

Orhan, A., 2013. Municipal solid waste landfill site selection using geophysical information system: a case study from corlu, Turkey”. Arob journal of Geoscience.

Pandey, P.C., Sharma, K.L., and Nathawat, M. S., 2011. Geospatial strategy for sustainable management of municipal solid waste for growing urban environment. Environ Monit Assess, 184, 2419–2431.d

Peter, K., Morton, A.B., Alix, P.R., Anders, B., Anna, L and Thomas, H.C., 2013. Present and Long-Term Composition of MSW Landfill Leachate: A Review. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 32(4), 297–336.

Ramakrishna, G.C., Ramakrishna, Y., Shiva Shankar, R., Sivapullaiah, P.V., 2011. Geotechnical properties of Shedi soil affected by Alkali contamination. International Journal of Environmental Protection 4, 45-52.

Reddy, K.R., Girish, K., and Rajiv, K.G., 2017 System Effects on Bioreactor Landfill Performance Based on Coupled Hydro-Bio-Mechanical Modeling. Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste, 22 (1), 1 – 15.

Roque, A.J., and Didier, G., 2006. Calculating hydraulic conductivity of fine grained soils to leachates using linear expressions. Journal of Engineering Geology, UK85 (1), 147–157.

Sabrina, L. B., and Craig, H. B., 2013. Effect of Municipal Solid Waste Leachate on Hydraulic Conductivity and Exchange Complex of Geo-synthetic Clay Liners. Journal of Geotechnical and Geo-environmental Engineering, 140 (4), 1 -17.

Sivapullaiah, P.V., Savitha, S., 1997. Performance of bentonite clay liner with electrolytic leachates. Proc. of Indian Geotechnical Conference, Vododara, India, 363–366.

Soule, N. M., and Burns, S. E., 2001. Effects of organic cation structure on behavior of organobentonites. Journal of Geotechnical and Geo-environmental Engineering, ASCE 127 (4), 363–370.

Sridharan, A., Nagaraj, T. S., and Sivapullaiah, P.V., 1981. Heaving of soil due to acid contamination. Proc. of International Conference on Soil Mechanics Foundation Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 383–386. Balkema, Stockholm.

Sridharan, A., and Venkatappa Rao, G., 1979. Shear strength behaviour of saturated clays and the role of the effective stress concept. Geotechnique 29 (2), 177–193.

Sunil, B M., Sitaram, N S., and Srihari., 2006. Effect of pH on Geotechnical properties of laterite soils. Journal of Engineering Geology, vol. 85, pp 197-203.

Uppot, J. O., and Stephenson, R.W., 1989. Permeability of clays under organic permeants. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE 115 (1), 115–131.
Abstract viewed = 100 times
DOWNLOAD PDF downloaded = 63 times