Pencegahan Penyebaran Covid-19 Perspektif Ibn Sina (Analisis Multidimensi Dalam Psikologi Islam)

  • Jarman Arroisi Universitas Darussalam Gontor, Jl. Raya Siman, Mantren, Patihan Kidul, Kec. Siman, Kabupaten Ponorogo, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
  • Kartika Wulandari Universitas Darussalam Gontor, Jl. Raya Siman, Mantren, Patihan Kidul, Kec. Siman, Kabupaten Ponorogo, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
Keywords: Covid-19, Ibn Sina, Prevention

Abstract

Covid-19, which originally came from the Wuhan area, China, is an infectious disease outbreak resulting from an outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The spread of this virus can be through the air or droplets from an infected person. Prevention that has been attempted at this time is the application of health protocols, quarantine for Covid-19 patients, as well as social distancing. This manuscript seeks to explore the prevention of the spread of COVID-19 through the Islamic tradition with the figure of Ibn Sina. The method used is descriptive-analysis that focuses on literature studies with a qualitative approach that describes Covid-19. Some of the conclusions obtained are in the form of efforts to prevent the spread of infectious diseases at the time of Ibn Sina. First; quarantine. Quarantine is carried out for people with infectious diseases to prevent the spread of disease to healthy people. Second; good food consumption. Consumption of good food can be in the form of nutritious food as well as foods that can prevent the entry of germs in the body, such as garlic. Third; emotional processing. Emotional processing can be done by avoiding fatigue, being patient, thinking positively as well as getting enough sunlight. Fourth; al-wahm al'amil. Al-wahm al 'amil strives to build positive energy in the soul by giving positive perceptions to patients. Fifth; wash with vinegar mixed water. Vinegar water is used to kill microbes that stick to the body and clothes. These 5 efforts to prevent infectious diseases in Ibn Sina's time are very relevant to the current Covid-19 outbreak.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abidin, Z. (1970). Ketika Stress Beraksi Islam Punya Solusi. KOMUNIKA: Jurnal Dakwah Dan Komunikasi, 3(1), https://doi.org/10.24090/komunika.v3i1.120.

Abu-Asab, M., Amri, H., & Micozzi, M. S. (2013). Avicenna’s medicine : a new translation of the 11th-century canon with practical applications for integrative health care.

Aji, A. M., & Habibaty, D. M. (2020). Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia Tentang Penyelenggaraan Ibadah Dalam Situasi Terjadi Wabah Covid-19 Sebagai Langkah Antisipatif dan Proaktif Persebaran Virus Corona Di Indonesia. SALAM: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya Syar-I, 7(8), https://doi.org/10.15408/sjsbs.v7i8.17059.

Al-Bukhori, Abu Abdullah. (1422). Sohih Al-Bukhori. Damaskus: Dar Touq An-Najah.

Arroisi, J. (2016). Teori jiwa perspektif Fakhr al-Din al-Razi: studi model pemikiran psikologi Islam. http://digilib.uinsby.ac.id/id/eprint/14424

Arroisi, Jarman. Nur Rifa Da’i, Rahmat Ardi. (2019). Konsep Jiwa Perspektif Ibn Sina, ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 13 (2).

Avicenna. (1973). Al-Qanun Fi At-Tibbi (Terj) The Canon of Medicine. London: AMS Press.

B. Wolman, Benjamin. (1988). Psychosomatic Disorders. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Bullington, Jennifer. (2013). The Expression of the Psychosomatic Body from a Phenomenological Perspective. London: Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg.

Burhan, Erlina. (2020). Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19). Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi. FKUI-RSUP Persahabatan. Satgas Waspada dan Siaga COVID-19 PB IDI.

Colgan, Richard. (2009). Advice to the Young Physician On The Art of Medicine. London: Springer.

Dimyati, A. (2014). Telaah Metodologis Pemikiran Holistik Transformatif: Pola Dan Dasar Pemikiran Terhadap Al-Quran Sebagai Petunjuk Hidup Umat Manusia. Asy-Syari’ah, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.15575/as.v17i1.643.

Fitriani, Nur Indah. (2020) Tinjauan Pustaka Covid-19:Virologi, Patogenesis, dan Manifestasi Klinis. Jurnal Medika Malahayati, 4 (3).

Goodman, L. E. (2013). Avicenna. Avicenna, XXIII(1), 1–240. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203026625.

Hafidz, Abdul. Rusydi. (t.th). Konsep Dzikir dan Do’a Perspektif Al-Qur’an. Islamic Akademika: Jurnal Pendidikan & Keislaman, 1 (6).

Herwansyah. (2017). Pemikiran Filsafat Ibnu Sina (Filsafat Emanasi, Jiwa dan Al-Wujud). Jurnal El-Fikr, 1 (1).

Ibn Musthofa Az-Zuhaili, Wahbah. (1422). At-Tafsir Al-Wasith Li-z-Zuhaili. Damaskus: Dar El-Fikr.

Jalaluddin, Abd. (2018). Ketenangan Jiwa Menurut Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi dalam Tafsir Mafatih Al-Ghayb. Al-Bayan: Jurnal Studi Al-Qur’an dan Tafsir, 3 (1).

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2020). Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). Germas, 0–115. https://infeksiemerging.kemkes.go.id/download/REV-04_Pedoman_P2_COVID-19__27_Maret2020_TTD1.pdf [Diakses 11 Juni 2021].

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2020). Kesiapan Kementrian Kesehatan RI Dalam Menghadapi Outbreak Novel Coronavirus. Kementrian Kesehatan RI, 1–26. https://www.papdi.or.id/pdfs/817/dr Siti Nadia - Kemenkes RI.pdf.

Levani, Prastya, & Mawaddatunnadila. (2021). Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Patogenesis, Manifestasi Klinis dan Pilihan Terapi. Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan, 17(1), 44–57. https://jurnal.umj.ac.id/index.php/JKK/article/view/6340.

Masyah, B. (2020). Pandemi Covid 19 terhadap Kesehatan Mental dan Psikososial. Mahakan Noursing, 2(8), 353-362. http://ejournalperawat.poltekkes-kaltim.ac.id/index.php/nursing/article/view/180/74.

Maulana, A. M. R. (2020). Pandemi dalam Worldview Islam; Dari Konsepsi ke Konspirasi. Tribakti: Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman, 31(2), 307–323. https://doi.org/10.33367/tribakti.v31i2.1232.

Mat Akhir, Noor Shakirah. (2008). Al-Ghazali and His Theory of The Soul: A Comparative Study. Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Mayasari, D., & Pratiwi, A. (2009). Hubungan Respon Imun dan Stres Dengan Tingkat Kekambuhan Demam Tifoid pada Masyarakat Di Wilayah Puskesmas Colomadu Karanganyar. Berita Ilmu Keperawatan, 2(1), 13–18.

McGinnis, J. (2010). Great Medieval Thinkers : AVICENNA. www.oup.com. MCG-HSE-PRM-028-Vaccine Update part 1.

Mursalim. (2011). Do’a Dalam Perspektif Al-Qur’an. Jurnal Al-Ulum, 11 (1).

Nasional.kompas.com. (22 Agustus 2021). UPDATE: Tambah 12.408, Kasus Covid-19 Indonesia Capai 3. 979.456 Orang. Diakses pada hari Ahad, 22-08-21, pukul 22.00 WIB, dari https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2021/08/22/17073981/update-tambah-12408-kasus-covid-19-indonesia-capai-3979456-orang.

Natsir, M. (2014). Komparasi Pemikiran Ibnu Sina dan Suhrawardi: Telaah terhadap Teori Emanasi dan Teori Jiwa. Wahana Akademika: Jurnal Studi Islam Dan Sosial, 1(2), 181–206.

http://journal.walisongo.ac.id/index.php/wahana/article/view/510.

Nur, A. (2009). Ibnu Sina: Pemikiran Fisafatnya Tentang Al-Fayd, Al-Nafs, Al-Nubuwwah, Dan Al-Wujûd. HUNAFA: Jurnal Studia Islamika, 6(1), 105. https://doi.org/10.24239/jsi.v6i1.123.105-116.

Nurhayati, N. (2016). Kesehatan dan Perobatan dalam Tradisi Islam: Kajian Kitab Shahih Al-Bukhârî. AHKAM : Jurnal Ilmu Syariah, 16(2), 223–228. https://doi.org/10.15408/ajis.v16i2.4452.

Plozza, B. Luban. Poldinger, W. dkk. (1992). Psychosomatic Disorders in General Practice. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Rahmawati, P., & Muljohardjono, H. (2016). Meaning of Illness dalam Perspektif Komunikasi Kesehatan dan Islam. Jurnal Komunikasi Islam, 6(2), 319–331.

Ridho, M. R. (2020). Wabah Penyakit Menular dalam Sejarah Islam dan Relevansinya dengan Covid-19. JUSPI (Jurnal Sejarah Peradaban Islam), 4(1).https://doi.org/10.30829/juspi.v4i1.7786.

Satgas Covid-19. (2021). Pengendalian Covid-19. In Satuan Tugas Penanganan Covid-19 (Vol. 53, Issue 9).

Setyoningsih, H., Pratiwi, Y., Rahmawati, A., Wijaya, H. M., Lina, R. N., & Kudus, K. (2021). Penggunaan Vitamin Untuk Meningkatkan. 4(2).

Sharif, M.M. (1963). A History Of Muslim Philosophy Vol. 1. Jerman: Allgauer Heimatvelag GmbH.

Sina, Ibn. (1999). Al-Qanun Fi At-Tibbi (al-Juz Al-Awwal). Beirut: Dar El-Kutub Al-‘Ilmiyah.

Steenberghen, F. Van. (1963). Avicenna. His Life and Works. Philosophical Studies, 12,https://doi.org/10.5840/philstudies19631213.

Tribbunnews.com. Update Corona Global. Diakses pada hari Ahad, 22-08-21, pukul 22.00 WIB, dari https://www.tribunnews.com/corona/2021/08/22/update-corona-global-minggu-22-agustus-2021-total-kasus-aktif-179-juta-indonesia-tertinggi-ke-11.

Vibriyanti, D. (2020). Kesehatan Mental Masyarakat: Mengelola Kecemasan Di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, 2902, 69. https://doi.org/10.14203/jki.v0i0.550.

Wahidah, I., Athallah, R., Hartono, N. F. S., Rafqie, M. C. A., & Septiadi, M. A. (2020). Pandemik COVID-19: Analisis Perencanaan Pemerintah dan Masyarakat dalam Berbagai Upaya Pencegahan. Jurnal Manajemen Dan Organisasi, 11(3), https://doi.org/10.29244/jmo.v11i3.31695.

Yogyakarta, S. K. (2021). 24 – 40: Wely Dozan, Hapizal Wadi. 5(1), 24–40.

Youtube.com. (29 Maret 2020). Dr. Zaidul Akbar Official- Beberapa Ikhtiar Menghadapi Corona. Diakses pada hari Kamis, 2/9/2021, pukul 23.01 WIB, dari https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tE6xcJjU96k.

Youtube.com. (13 April 2020). Gontor Voice: Kembalilah, Lagu Ramadhan, Official Music Video, Lagu tentang Corona. Diakses pada hari Kamis, 2/9/2021, pukul 21.53 WIB, dari https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4HNCAxn9Bqo.

Yuliana, Y. (2020). Corona virus diseases (Covid-19): Sebuah tinjauan literatur. Wellness And Healthy Magazine, 2(1), https://doi.org/10.30604/well.95212020.

Published
2022-05-21
Abstract viewed = 71 times
PDF downloaded = 79 times