Determinants of community participation in the development of sports tourism in the area of Sipin Lake Jambi City

  • Ugi Nugraha Department of Sports Education and Coaching, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8555-7470
  • Ely Yuliawan Department of Sports Education and Coaching, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia
  • Palmizal Department of Sports Education and Coaching, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia
  • Roli Mardian Department of Sports Education and Coaching, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia
Keywords: Community participation, sport tourism, Sipin Lake

Abstract

Community involvement should be a major concern in the development of sports tourism because sustainability of tourism can be achieved through community participation. This study aims to analyze the level of community participation in the development of sports tourism and the factors that influence the level of community participation in the development of sports tourism in the Danau Sipin area of ​​Jambi City. The populations in this study are the people who live around the Sipin Lake tourist area, Jambi City. The sample in this study is selected using the quota sampling method, which is a technique of selecting samples to determine samples from the population that have certain characteristics until the desired number (quota) is 100 people. Researchers used a questionnaire to collect research data. Data analysis in this study includes descriptive data analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study indicates that the level of community participation in the development of sports tourism is high. The results of this study also show that the economic impact, environmental impact, knowledge of the world of tourism, and entrepreneurial skills have a significant effect on community participation in the development of sports tourism, while social impacts and government support do not significantly affect community participation in the development of sports tourism. Simultaneously, the economic impact, social impact, environmental impact, knowledge of the world of tourism, government support, and entrepreneurial skills have a significant effect on the development of sports tourism. The Jambi City Government should increase the level of participation and knowledge of the community through socialization regarding the development of sports tourism in the Sipin Lake area and providing entrepreneurship skills training for the community around the area.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anggraheni, Y., Hermawan, H., & Sujarwoto, S. (2018). Understanding Community Participation within Sustainable Rural Tourism Development (A Single Case Study in Kalibiru Village, Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia). Jurnal Ilmiah Administrasi Publik, 4(4), 301–309. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiap.2018.004.04.4

Anjelia, S., Djuwendah, E., Rasmikayati, E., & Hapsari, H. (2020). Level of Community Participation in Laksana Tourism Village, Ibun District, Bandung Regency, West Java, Indonesia. Journal of Business on Hospitality and Tourism, 6(1), 43-51. https://doi.org/10.22334/jbhost.v6i1.185

Bello, F. G., Lovelock, B., & Carr, N. (2018). Enhancing community participation in tourism planning associated with protected areas in developing countries: Lessons from Malawi. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 18(3), 309–320. https://doi.org/10.1177/1467358416647763

Boonsiritomachai, W., & Phonthanukitithaworn, C. (2019). Residents’ Support for Sports Events Tourism Development in Beach City: The Role of Community’s Participation and Tourism Impacts. SAGE Open, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244019843417

Briedenhann, J. (2011). Economic and tourism expectations of the 2010 FIFA World Cup - A resident perspective. Journal of Sport and Tourism, 16(1), 5–32. https://doi.org/10.1080/14775085.2011.568085

Carneiro, M. J., Breda, Z., & Cordeiro, C. (2016). Sports tourism development and destination sustainability: the case of the coastal area of the Aveiro region, Portugal. Journal of Sport & Tourism. https://doi.org/10.1080/14775085.2016.1220863

Chiutsi, S., & Mudzengi, B. K. (2012). Community Tourism Entrepreneurship for Sustainable Tourism Management in Southern Africa: Lessons from Zimbabwe. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2(8), 127–134.

Dangi, T. B., & Jamal, T. (2016). An integrated approach to “sustainable community-based tourism.” Sustainability (Switzerland), 8(5), 475. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8050475

Hidayat, D., & Syahid, A. (2019). Local Potential Development (Local Genius) in Community Empowerment. Journal of Nonformal Education, 5(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.15294/jne.v5i1.18343

ILO. (2012). Rencana Strategis Pariwisata Berkelanjutan dan Green Jobs untuk Indonesia. Kementerian Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif Republik Indonesia.

Indriantoro, N., & Supomo, B. (2013). Metodologi Penelitian Bisnis Untuk. Akuntansi & Manajemen. BPFE.

Jamieson, N. (2014). Sport Tourism Events as Community Builders — How Social Capital Helps the “Locals” Cope. Journal of Convention & Event Tourism, 15, 57–68. https://doi.org/10.1080/15470148.2013.863719

Kebete, Y., & Wondirad, A. (2019). Visitor management and sustainable destination management nexus in Zegie Peninsula, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Destination Marketing and Management, 13, 83–98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2019.03.006

Kim, W., Mun, H., Walker, M., & Drane, D. (2015). Evaluating the perceived social impacts of hosting large-scale sport tourism events : Scale development and validation. Tourism Management, 48, 21–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2014.10.015

Komppula, R. (2014). The role of individual entrepreneurs in the development of competitiveness for a rural tourism destination - A case study. Tourism Management, 40, 361–371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2013.07.007

Kuncoro, M. (2013). Metode Riset untuk Bisnis dan Ekonomi. Erlangga.

Martin, S. A., & Assenov, I. (2011). The genesis of a new body of sport tourism literature: a systematic review of surf tourism research (1997 – 2011). Journal of Sport & Tourism. https://doi.org/10.1080/14775085.2013.766528

Masa’deh, R., Nasseef, M. A., Alshayeb, H., Ojilat, J., & Alshafiee, M. (2017). The Effect of Sport Tourism Management on Support for Tourism Development. Journal of Management and Strategy, 8(3), 20. https://doi.org/10.5430/jms.v8n3p20

Sharif, N. M., & Lonik, K. A. T. (2017). Sustaining the Entrepreneurship in Rural Tourism Development. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 4(6), 31-40. https://doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v4i6.122

Mearns, K., & Edwards, V. (2009). The Social Sustainability of Community Based Ecotourism in Southern Africa. The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic, and Social Sustainability: Annual Review, 5(6), 27–42. https://doi.org/10.18848/1832-2077/cgp/v05i06/54705

Musadad, M. (2018). Community Participation in Nature Tourism Development: Lessons From Pindul Cave in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Jurnal Kawistara, 8(2), 169. https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.27957

Nugraha, U., Asmawi, M., Humaid, H., & Dlis, F. (2020). Sports teacher perception about lake sipin sport tourism area in Jambi city. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 8(4), 103–109. https://doi.org/10.13189/saj.2020.080401

Nugraha, U., Asmawi, M., Humaid, H., Dlis, F., Ali, M., & Iqroni, D. (2020). The Development of Sports Tourism in the Lake Sipin Region of Jambi City. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(12), 608–612. https://doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.12.109

Palma, D. Di, Tafuri, D., Ascione, A., & Raiola, G. (2018). Social, Tourism and Educational development through Sport. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18(1), 473–478. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2018.s167

Purnomo, A., & Rahmawati, M. (2021). Community-based tourism: Capability and community participation in tourism development. Community Empowerment through Research, Innovation and Open Access, 139–144. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003189206-26

Putra, H. W. S., Hakim, A., Riniwatu, H., & Leksono, A. S. (2019). Community Participation in Development of Ecotourism in Taman Beach , Pacitan District. Journal of Indonesian Tourism and Development Studies, 7(2), 91–99. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jitode.2019.007.02.05

Rahman, M. K., Masud, M. M., Akhtar, R., & Hossain, M. M. (2021). Impact of community participation on sustainable development of marine protected areas: Assessment of ecotourism development. International Journal of Tourism Research, 24(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1002/jtr.2480

Ridho, S. L. Z., Mellita, D., & Roseno, M. T. (2021). The Community Participation in Tourism Sustainability and Tourist Satisfaction : A Study of Post-Visit Behaviour to Cultural Destinations in Palembang City. International Journal of Applied Sciences in Tourism and Events, 5(1), 53–63. http://dx.doi.org/10.31940/ijaste.v5i1.2115

Sakata, H., & Prideaux, B. (2013). An alternative approach to community-based ecotourism: A bottom-up locally initiated non-monetised project in Papua New Guinea. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21(6), 880–899. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2012.756493

Sasongko, G., Trianggono, B., & Wiloso, P. G. (2019). Development of Community-Based Tourism in Pinusan Kragilan, Pogalan Village, Magelang Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Tourism and Development Studies, 7(3), 21776. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jitode.2019.007.03.04

Saufi, A., O’Brien, D., & Wilkins, H. (2014). Inhibitors to host community participation in sustainable tourism development in developing countries. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 22(5), 801–820. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2013.861468

Setiyorini, H. P. D., Andari, R., & Masunah, J. (2019). Analysing Factors for Community Participation in Tourism Development. THE Journal: Tourism and Hospitality Essentials Journal, 9(1), 39. https://doi.org/10.17509/thej.v9i1.16988

Singgalen, Y. A., Sasongko, G., & Wiloso, P. G. (2019). Community participation in regional tourism development: a case study in North Halmahera Regency - Indonesia. Insights into Regional Development, 1(4), 318–333. https://doi.org/10.9770/ird.2019.1.4(3)

Suarthana, I. K. P., & Hardini, W. (2015). The Impact of Social, Economic and Environment in Local Community Participation of Archeological Tourism Village Bedulu Gianyar, Bali. Journal of Business on Hospitality and Tourism, 1(1), 12. https://doi.org/10.22334/jbhost.v1i1.27

Sugiyono. (2013). Statistika Untuk Penelitian. Alfabeta.

Umar, H. (2008). Metodologi Penelitian untuk Skripsi dan Tesis Bisnis. PT. RajaGrafindo Persada.

Weed, M. (2015). After 20 years, what are the Big Questions for sports tourism research? Journal of Sport & Tourism, 19(1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1080/14775085.2015.1032505

Witchayakawin, P., Aziz, Y. A., Mahomed, A. S. B. B., & Abdullah, N. H. B. (2020). Factors on development of community-based tourism (cbt) in phitsanulok province of Thailand. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(12), 75–85. https://doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.12.12

Wondirad, A., & Ewnetu, B. (2019). Community participation in tourism development as a tool to foster sustainable land and resource use practices in a national park milieu. Land Use Policy, 88, 104155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104155

Published
2022-04-12
How to Cite
Nugraha, U., Yuliawan, E., Palmizal, & Mardian, R. (2022). Determinants of community participation in the development of sports tourism in the area of Sipin Lake Jambi City. Journal Sport Area, 7(1), 33-46. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2022.vol7(1).7308
Section
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Abstract viewed = 59 times
PDF downloaded = 42 times SIMILARITY CHECK downloaded = 5 times