Creative thinking learning of physical education: Can be enhanced using discovery learning model?
The teacher-centered mindset and teaching methods are still teacher-centered, closing the space toward students to develop their creative thinking abilities. This study aims to determine the thinking skills of students in physical education learning using discovery learning models. This study used a quasi-experiment method and a pretest and posttest control group design. The research sample was obtained by means of random cluster sampling with a sample amount of 70 people. The instrument that used to measure students' creative thinking skills used the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT) which before be tested, it has conducted the validity and reliability. The t test was used as the analysis of this study. Discovery learning model is proven to be able to develop students' creative thinking skills when learning physical education. This is proven by the sig value. 0,000 so the discovery learning model in physical education learning will be able to develop creative thinking on students. This learning model must be applied in various fields of education. Research on the same topic should be carried out in the future, with the variability of different educational levels of subjects or educational institutional settings.
Alfieri, L., Brooks, P. J., Aldrich, N. J., & Tenenbaum, H. R. (2011). Does Discovery-Based Instruction Enhance Learning? Journal of Educational Psychology, 103(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021017
Bacanli, H., Dombayci, M. A., Demir, M., & Tarhan, S. (2011). Quadruple thinking: Creative thinking. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 12, 536–544. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.02.065
Bereczki, E. O. (2016). Mapping creativity in the Hungarian National Core Curriculum: a content analysis of the overall statements of intent, curricular areas and education levels. Curriculum Journal, 27(3), 330–367. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585176.2015.1100546
Cheung, R. H. P. (2010). Designing movement activities to develop children’s creativity in early childhood education. Early Child Development and Care, 180(3), 377–385. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430801931196
Cheung, R. H. P. (2016). The challenge of developing creativity in a Chinese context: the effectiveness of adapting Western creative pedagogy to inform creative practice. Pedagogy, Culture and Society, 24(1), 141–160. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681366.2015.1087419
Deng, Q., Zheng, B., & Chen, J. (2020). The Relationship Between Personality Traits, Resilience, School Support, and Creative Teaching in Higher School Physical Education Teachers. Frontiers in Psychology, 11(September), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.568906
Dupri, D., & Nazirun, N. (2020). The Effort to Develop Junior High School Students Self-Esteem Through Giving Positive Feedbacks. 21(Icsshpe 2019), 71–74. https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200214.020
Dupri., Nazirun, N., & Risma, N. (2019). Penerapan Model Problem Based Learning Untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Pada Pendidikan Jasmani. Journal Sport Area, 4(2), 318. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2019.vol4(2).3760
Fatmawati, A., Zubaidah, S., Mahanal, S., & Sutopo. (2019). Critical Thinking, Creative Thinking, and Learning Achievement: How They are Related. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1417(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1417/1/012070
Hanifah, W., Subiyantoro, S., & Muzzazinah. (2020). Creative Thinking Skills in Science Lessons in Elementary Schools. 397(Icliqe 2019), 870–875. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200129.107
Junaidi, J. (2016). Pengaruh Gaya Mengajar Resiprokal Dalam Pembelajaran Permainan Bola Voli Terhadap Pengembangan Kreativitas Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Dan Olahraga, 1(1), 17. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpjo.v1i1.3660
Kim, K. H. (2011). The Creativity Crisis: The Decrease in Creative Thinking Scores on the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking. Creativity Research Journal, 23(4), 285–295. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2011.627805
Konstantinidou, E., Michalopoulou, M., Agelousis, N., & Kourtesis, T. (2013). Primary Physical Education Perspective on Creativity: The Characteristics of the Creative Student and Their Creative Outcomes. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 3(3), 234–247. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2013.818989
Ladjar, M. A. B., Juliantine, T., & M, M. (2018). Pengaruh Model Problem-Based Learning dan Discovery Learning serta Kecerdasan Intelektual terhadap Berpikir Kreatif. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani dan Olahraga, 3(1), 22. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpjo.v3i1.9837
Ladjar, M. A. B., Juliantine, T., Mulyana, & Berliana. (2018). Pengaruh Model Problem-Based Learning dan Discovery Learning serta Kecerdasan Intelektual terhadap Berpikir Kreatif. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani dan Olahraga, 3(1), 22. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpjo.v3i1.9837
Lin, Y.-S. (2011). Fostering Creativity through Education – A Conceptual Framework of Creative Pedagogy. Creative Education, 02(03), 149–155. https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2011.23021
Mancini, A. D., & Bonanno, G. A. (2009). Predictors and parameters of resilience to loss: Toward an individual differences model. Journal of personality, 77(6), 1805-1832. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00601.x
Nurjan, S. (2018). Pengembangan Berpikir Kreatif. Al-Asasiyyah: Journal Basic of Education, 3(01), 14–18. https://doi.org/10.24269/AJBE.V3I1.1302
Perry, A., & Karpova, E. (2017). Efficacy of teaching creative thinking skills: A comparison of multiple creativity assessments. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 24, 118–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2017.02.017
Priyanto, A. (2014). Pengembangan Kreativitas Pada Anak Usia Dini Melalui Aktivitas Bermain. Jurnal Ilmiah Guru Caraka Olah Pikir Edukatif, 18(2), 41-47.
Raab, M., Masters, R. S. W., Maxwell, J., Arnold, A., Schlapkohl, N., & Poolton, J. (2011). Discovery learning in sports: Implicit or explicit processes? International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7(4), 413–430. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2009.9671917
Rachman, H. A. (2006). Membangun kembali jembatan antara kreativitas dan pendidikan jasmani. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Indonesia, 5(1), 21–32. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpji.v5i1.6216
Setiawan, E., Juliantine, T., & Komarudin, K. (2017). Development creativity students through problem based learning model in physical education in reviewed of adversity quotient. In 2nd International Conference on Sports Science, Health and Physical Education (pp. 611-613). https://doi.org/10.5220/0007066606110613
Trilling, B., & Fade, C. (2009). 21st Century Skill Learning For Life in Our Times. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Turpin, M., Matthee, M., & Kruger, A. (2015). The teaching of creativity in information systems programmes at South African higher education institutions. African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 19(3), 278–288. https://doi.org/10.1080/10288457.2015.1104838
Wibowo, Y. A. (2010). Bermain dan Kreativitas dalam Pembelajaran Pendidikan Jasmani. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Indonesia, 7(2), 1-15.
Zimmerman, E. (2009). Reconceptualizing the Role of Creativity in Art Education Theory and Practice. Studies in Art Education, 50(4), 382–399. https://doi.org/10.1080/00393541.2009.11518783
Copyright (c) 2021 Dupri, Novia Nazirun, Oki Candra
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium. Copyrights of all materials published in Journal Sport Area are freely available without charge to users or / institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, search, or link to full-text articles in this journal without asking by giving appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. All of the remix, transform, or build upon the material must distribute the contributions under the same license as the original.