The Adsorption and Regeneration of Natural Pumice as Low-Cost Adsorbent for Nitrate Removal From Water
The potential of adsorption and regeneration of Indonesian natural pumice to remove nitrate from aqueous solution was studied in multiple adsorption-desorption cycles. Batch experiments were performed to examine the effect of various experimental parameters on the removal of nitrate. The optimum condition of nitrate removal by natural pumice were obtained at 3 of pH solution, 0.3 g/L of adsorbent dose, 30 min of contact time, <63 μm of particle size, and 90 mg/L of nitrate concentration with 54.79% of removal efficiency and 164.37 mg/g of nitrate uptake. The experimental data obtained were fitted with the Freundlich adsorption isotherm within the concentration range studied. Although complete desorption were not achieved, the result confirmed that HCl can be used as desorbing and recovery agent, which be desorbed 10-13% of nitrate ion. The used natural pumice also could be regenerated and reused up to three successive adsorption-desorption cycles. Overall results revealed that the ability of natural pumice to adsorb nitrate will create more interest to develop a new adsorbent from local mineral for pollutant removal from water
Bhatnagar, A., Sillanpa, M., 2011. A review of emerging adsorbents for nitrate removal from water. Chemical Engineering Journal 168: 493–504. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2011.01.103
Dash, S.S., Sahu, M.K., Sahu, Patel, E.R.K., 2015. Fluoride removal from aqueous solutions using cerium loaded mesoporous zirconium phosphate. New Journal of Chemistry 39: 7300-7308. doi: 10.1039/C5NJ01030F
Elovich S.Y., Larionov, O.G., 1962. Theory of adsorption from solutions of non electrolytites on solid adsorbents. Russian Chemical Bulletin 11: 191-197. doi: 10.1007/BF00908016
Freundlich, H., 1906. Uber die adsorption in losungen. Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie 57: 385–470.
Giles, C.H., MacEwan, T.H., Nakhwa, S.N., Smith, D., 1960. A System of Classification of Solution Adorption Isotherms and Its Use in Diagnosis of Adsorption Mechanisms and in Measurement of Specific Surface Areas of Solids. Journal of the Chemical Society 0: 3973-3993. doi: 10.1039/JR9600003973
Golestanifar, H., Asadi, A., Alinezhad, A., Haybati, B., Vosoughi, M., 2015. Isotherm and kinetic studies on the adsorption of nitrate onto nanoalumina and iron-modified pumice. Desalination and Water Treatment 57:5480-5487. doi:10.1080/19443994.2014.1003975
Hu, H.Y., Goto, N., Fujie, K., 2001. Effect of pH on the Reduction of Nitrite in Water by Metallic Iron. Water Research 35: 2789-2793. doi: 10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00570-4
Indah, S., Helard, D., Edwin, T., Pratiwi, R., 2017. Utilization of pumice from Sungai Pasak, West Sumatra, Indonesia as low-cost adsorbent in removal of manganese from aqueous solution. AIP Conference Proceedings 1823: 020072. doi: 10.1063/1.4978145
Islam, M., Mishra, P.C., Patel, R., 2010. Physicochemical characterization of hydroxyapatite and its application towards removal of nitrate from water. Journal of Environmental Management 91: 1883–1891. doi: 0.1016/j.jenvman.2010.04.013
Karimaian, K.A., Amrane, A., Kazemian, H., Panahi, R., Zarrabi, M., 2013. Retention of phosphorous ions on natural and engineered waste pumice: Characterization, equilibrium, competing ions, regeneration, kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic study. Applied Surface Science 284: 419–431. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.07.114
Kumar, A.S.K., Jiang, S.J., 2015. Preparation and characterization of exfoliated graphene oxide–L-cystine as an effective adsorbent of Hg (II) adsorption. RSC Advance 5: 6294–6304. doi: 10.1039/C4RA12564A
Langmuir, I., 1916. The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Part I. Solids. The Journal of the American Chemical Society 38: 2221–2295. doi: 10.1021/ja02268a002
Liao, C.H., Kang, S.F., Hsu, Y.W., 2003. Zero-valent iron reduction of nitrate in the presence of ultraviolet light, organic matter and hydrogen peroxide. Water Research 37: 4109–4118. doi: 10.1016/S0043-1354(03)00248-3
Liao, X.P., Shi, B., 2005. Adsorption of Fluoride on Zirconium(IV)-Impregnated Collagen Fiber. Environmental Science and Technology 39: 4628–4632. doi: 10.1021/es0479944
Lopez-Nuñez, P.V., Aranda-García, E., Cristiani-Urbina, M.C., Morales-Barrera, L., Cristiani-Urbina, E., 2014. Removal of hexavalent and total chromium from aqueous solutions by plum (P. domestica L.) tree bark. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 13: 1927-1938.
Oztürk, N., Bektas, T.E., 2004. Nitrate removal from aqueous solution by adsorption onto various materials. Journal of Hazardous Materials 112: 155–162. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.05.001
Pinter, A., Batista, J., 2006. Improvement of an Integrated Ion-Exchange/Catalytic Process for Nitrate Removal by Introducing a Two-Stage Denitrification Step. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 63: 150-159. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2005.10.006
Schipper, L.A., Vukovic, M.V., 2001. Five Years of Nitrate Removal, Denitrification and Carbon Dynamics in a Denitrification Wall. Water Research 35: 3473-3477. doi: 10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00052-5
Shayesteh, H., A. Rahbar-Kelishami, and R. Norouzbeigi 2016. “Evaluation of natural and cationic surfactant modified pumice for congo red removal in batch mode: Kinetic, equilibrium, and thermodynamic studies”. Journal of Molecular Liquids 221: 1–11. doi: 10.1016/j.molliq.2016.05.053
Sepehr, M.N., Sivasankar, V., Zarrabi, M., Kumar, M.S., 2013. Surface modification of pumice enhancing its fluoride adsorption capacity: An insight into kinetic and thermodynamic studies. Chemical Engineering Journal 228: 192–204. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2013.04.089
Sepehr, M.N., Amrane, A.B., Karimaian, K.A., Zarrabi, M., Ghaffari, H.R., 2014. Potential of waste pumice and surface modified pumice for hexavalent chromium removal: Characterization, equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic study. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 45: 635–647. doi: 10.1016/j.jtice.2013.07.005
Tribe, L., Hinrichs, R., Kubicki, J. D., 2012. Adsorption of Nitrate on Kaolinite Surfaces: A Theoretical Study. Journal of Physic Chemistry B, 116 (36), 1266–11273.
Ward, M.H., deKok, T.M., Levallois, P., Brender, J., Gulis, G., B.T. Nolan, J. Van Derslice. 2005. “Workgroup report: Drinking-water nitrate and health–recent findings and research needs”. Environmental Health Perspective 113: 1607–1614. doi: 10.1289/ehp.8043
Zhang X, L. Guo, Y. Wang, C. Ruan. 2015. “Removal of oxygen demand and nitrogen using different particle-sizes of anthracite coated with nine kinds of LDHs for wastewater treatment”. Scientific Reports 5: 15146. doi: 10.1038/srep15146
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Geoscience, Engineering, Environment, and Technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright @2019. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium. Copyrights of all materials published in JGEET are freely available without charge to users or / institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, search, or link to full-text articles in this journal without asking by giving appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. All of the remix, transform, or build upon the material must distribute the contributions under the same license as the original.