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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Title page 

The title page of an article plays a critical role in presenting the content to the reader. It should include a title that accurately reflects the research design or, in case of non-research studies, provide a comprehensive description of the subject matter. Additionally, it must list the full names and institutional addresses of all authors involved in the study. If a collaboration group is involved, the Group name should be listed as an author. The individual names of the members should be included in the "Acknowledgements" section, as per the instructions provided. It is important to note that Large Language Models (LLMs) such as ChatGPT do not meet our authorship criteria. This is primarily because attribution of authorship comes with accountability for the work, which cannot be effectively applied to LLMs. Therefore, the use of LLMs must be appropriately documented in the Methods section of the manuscript, or in a suitable alternative part if no Methods section is available. Lastly, the title page must clearly indicate the corresponding author who will be responsible for all communication regarding the article.


The use of abbreviations should be minimized, and references should not be cited in the abstract. The abstract should be structured into the following four sections:

Introduction: A brief explanation of the issues encountered and the rationale behind the intervention.
Case Description: A comprehensive account of the case and parties involved, along with an analysis of how the intervention was carried out.
Discussion and Evaluation: An assessment of the advantages and disadvantages, as well as an appraisal of the feasibility and effectiveness of the intervention.
Conclusions: A summary of the key takeaways and a plan for the next steps.

It is essential to use formal language and avoid contractions while ensuring that the text is coherent, concise, and error-free. Additionally, the final product should convey a sense of professionalism and expertise, using appropriate vocabulary and grammar.


Three to ten keywords represent the main content of the article.


The introductory section of an article should provide a clear and comprehensive overview of the issues at hand, allowing readers to gain an understanding of the context. Additionally, it should provide a detailed explanation of the rationale behind the intervention being discussed. Finally, the introduction should conclude with a concise statement summarizing the main points of the article. In the section, authors are also expected to present alternative approaches to the described one, providing a comprehensive overview of the available options. A formal tone and language should be used throughout the article, avoiding contractions and ensuring that the text is free of errors. The final product should reflect a high level of professionalism and expertise and maintain the original meaning of the text, using appropriate vocabulary and grammar.

Case description

A comprehensive description of the case under analysis, including the roles played by the individuals and institutions involved, as well as the methodology used in assessing the intervention, is crucial. Subsections with appropriate titles can be beneficial for easy navigation and clear understanding of the context and objectives of the analysis. Inclusion of cost data, if available, can also be useful..

Discussion and Evaluation

When assessing an intervention, it's crucial to evaluate both the pros and cons. A realistic analysis of feasibility and effectiveness is necessary for informed decision-making. Use formal language, avoiding errors, contractions, and colloquialisms to convey professionalism and expertise in business or academic settings.


Professional and academic reports should document project outcomes, summarize lessons learned, provide recommendations, and include a contingency plan. Keep the language formal, concise, clear, and error-free to convey professionalism and expertise to stakeholders.

List of abbreviations

When using abbreviations in professional or academic writing, provide definitions at the first instance of use and include a list of abbreviations. Use formal language, avoid contractions, and ensure the text is clear, concise, and error-free. Use appropriate language to convey expertise and professionalism.


It is mandatory that all manuscripts include the sections listed under the 'Declarations' heading.

  • Availability of data and materials
  • Competing interests
  • Funding
  • Authors' contributions
  • Acknowledgments
  • Authors' information (optional)

Please see below for details on each section. If any sections don't apply, write 'Not applicable' and the heading. Keep the language formal, clear, and error-free. Maintain the original meaning and convey professionalism and expertise.

Competing interests

Declare all competing interests, financial or non-financial, in this section. Use authors' initials to indicate their individual interests. If unsure, please contact the editorial office. If there are no competing interests, state, "The authors declare no competing interests".


All sources of funding for the research reported should be declared. If the funder has a specific role in the conceptualization, design, data collection, analysis, decision to publish, or manuscript preparation, this should be declared.

Authors' contributions

The individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section. Guidance and criteria for authorship can be found in our editorial policies.


All contributors to an article who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be acknowledged, including those who provided writing services or materials. Obtain permission from all parties mentioned in the section before including acknowledgments. For manuscripts involving collaboration groups, the group name should be included on the title page and in the submission system for searchable individual PubMed records. Collaborating author names should be included in the last paragraph of the "Acknowledgements" section in the format First Name, Middle Initial(s) (optional), Last Name.

Authors' information

This section is optional but can provide relevant information about the author(s) to help readers interpret the article. It may include qualifications and positions, but should not describe competing interests..


In academic or business writing, it is standard to indicate footnotes through a superscript number within the text. It is important to note that the use of footnotes is not acceptable for references or citations..


The American Psychological Association (APA) reference style examples are shown below. For further guidance, please look at the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and the respective website of the Association (

Please look at our editorial policies for author guidance on good citation practice.

General formatting information

Manuscripts must be written in concise Bahasa Indonesia or English. 

Quick points:

  • Use single-line spacing
  • Include line and page numbering
  • Use SI units: Please ensure that all special characters used are embedded in the text. Otherwise, they will be lost during conversion to PDF
  • Do not use page breaks in your manuscript

File formats

Microsoft Word (doc) processor file formats are acceptable for the main manuscript document:

So that you know, editable files are required for processing in production. If your manuscript contains any non-editable files (such as PDFs), you must re-submit an editable file if your manuscript is accepted.

Style and language

For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript, you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood.

For article template, please click here

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