Students’ Reference Mastery in Narrative Text at XI GRADE of Senior High School

  • dahliana dahliana dahliana Universitas Negeri Padang
  • Muhammad Zaim Universitas Negeri Padang
Keywords: : Reference, Mastery, Narrative Text


Reference is an essential component for comprehending a reading text. In comprehending a text some students had problem such as their limited vocabulary, inability to interpret reference, and  lack  of  background knowledge. The purpose of the research was to find out the students’ reference mastery  in narrative text and students’ difficulties in mastering reference. This  research was a descriptive research. Random sampling technique was applied and twenty two students of XI grade of SMAN 1 Tempuling were taken as the subject of the research. The data were collected through quantitative and qualitative methods. Reading test was distributed to collect quantitative data, while interview was applied to gather qualitative data. The findings of this research reveal that the students’ reference mastery was in good category, but some problems still appeared which were affected by some factors; lack of practice, limited vocabulary mastery, and poor grammar mastery.  Thus, it can be concluded that the students’ reference mastery in narrative text needed to be improved.


Download data is not yet available.


Emmott, C. 1997. Narrative Comprehension: A Discourse Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fromkin, V, Rodman, R and Hyams, N.2011 (9th edition). An Introduction to Language. Boston: Michael Rosenbery.
Halliday, M.A.K. 2011. Cohesion in English. London: Longman.
Hurford, J and Heasly, B. 2007. Semantics; A Course Book (2nd Edition). New York: Cambridge.
King, L and Stanley, G. 1997. Third Grade Reading Comprehension Series. Retrieved on Dec 3rd, 2012 from book.html?pid+tv0012
McWorther, K. 1992. Efficient and Flexible Reading. Boston: Harper Colling Publisher.
Maspufah, 2018. Analysis of Discourse Deixis in EFL Learners of STIBA Persada Bunda. ELT-Lectura, Vol 5 No.1:72-77
Yule, G. 1996. Pragmatics. Oxford: Ox.
How to Cite
dahliana, dahliana dahliana, & Zaim, M. (2019). Students’ Reference Mastery in Narrative Text at XI GRADE of Senior High School. J-SHMIC : Journal of English for Academic, 6(2), 40-48.
Abstract viewed = 92 times
PDF downloaded = 124 times