Collaborative Learning and Summarizing Strategy in Teaching Writing during COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Sri Rahmadhani Siregar Uiversitas Islam Negeri Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan
Keywords: Collaborative Learning Strategy, Summarizing Strategy, Writing Strategy


The teaching and learning procedure was stated to be online in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.It is necessary to change from face-to-face instruction to online learning. In accordance with this, teachers must modify their online teaching and learning practices. This study concentrated on the methods teachers used to implement teaching writing throughout the epidemic COVID-19. The study's goals are to outline the teacher's approach to teaching writing and how to use it in widespread online learning. The study adopted a qualitative descriptive method. The participants of this research are two English teachers. The data were collected by using observation, interviews, and documents. Respondents were observed during the teaching learning process and interviewed to support observation data. The data collected were analyzed by using Creswell’s procedures which were organizing, preparing, looking, reading, coding, and interpreting data. The findings of this research concluded that from various strategies of teaching writing, the English teacher only implemented a collaborative learning strategy and summarizing strategy. Following the pandemic situation, the two strategies were done online through the zoom platform. By doing this research, it suggested that teachers adopt and practice more strategies in teaching, not only teaching writing but also teaching all skills in English.


Download data is not yet available.


Anggraini, R. (2021). the Portrait of Efl Teacher in Online Learning During Pandemic Covid-19: a Case Study in State Senior High School Number 8 Jambi. Journal MELT (Medium for English Language Teaching), 6(1), 94.

Ariesta, may L. T. C. (2021). Teaching Writing Online Strategies during COVID-19 Pandemic [University of Islam Malang]. BHS INGGRIS_MAY LIEN TIA CANDRA ARIESTA_21902073035.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y

Arimuliani Ahmad, Fitria Andriani, Maya Yova Dita Mulyani, Rahma Sarita, & Rahmah Hazimah Anita. (2022). The Students’ Difficulties in Essay Writing during Pandemic Covid- 19 in English Language Education of Universitas Islam Riau. J-SHMIC : Journal of English for Academic, 9(2), 81–90.

Barbour, R. S., Kingdom, U., Buscatto, M., Chamberlain, K., Zealand, N., Coetzee, J. K., Africa, S., Coffey, A., Kingdom, U., Denzin, N., States, U., Fielding, N. G., Kingdom, U., Gubrium, J., States, U., Henwood, K., Kingdom, U., Livingstone, S., Kingdom, U., … Sun, J. (2018). Qualitative Data Collection (M. Steele (ed.)). SAGE Publication.

Carliner, S. (2004). Overview of Online Learning. In Amherst, MA. HRD Press.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research Design : Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th ed.). SAGE Publication.

Erna, N., Mardiani, M., & Rahayu, R. (2022). An Analysis on The English Teacher ’ s Strategies in Teaching Descriptive Writing through Online Class. ENORMOUS : English Education Journal, 1(1), 36–45.

Febtiningsih, P., Ardiya, A., & Wibowo, A. P. (2021). Teachers’ Challenges in Teaching English Writing Skills for Visually Impaired Students at Indonesian Special Senior High Schools. ELT-Lectura, 8(1), 90–98.

Irmawati, D. K., Asri, T. M., & Aziz, A. L. (2021). How EFL Teachers Deal with Pedagogical Competence Development for the Teaching of Writing: A study on Higher Educational Level in Indonesian Context. Journal of Education and E-Learning Research, 8(1), 42–51.

Jurianto, J., Salimah, S., & Kwary, D. A. (2016). Strategies for Teaching Writing in EFL Class at a Senior High School in Indonesia. Celt: A Journal of Culture, English Language Teaching & Literature, 15(1), 43.

Jurianto, Salimah, & Kwary, D. A. (2015). Strategies for Teaching Writing in EFL Class at a Senior High School in Indonesia. Celt, Vol 15.

Khasanah, I. N. (2015). The Implementation of 2013 Curriculum by EnglishTeacher and Its Barriers [Walisongo State Islamic University Semarang]. In Educational Research.

Leavy, P. (2017). Research Design : Quantitative, Qualitative, Mixed Methods, Arts-Based, and Community - Based Participatory Research Approaches. The Guilford Press.

Moorhouse, B. L. (2020). Adaptations to A Face-to-face Initial Teacher Education Course “Forced” Online Due to the Covid-19 Pandemic. Journal of Education for Teaching, Vol.46(4).

Munastiwi, E. (2020). Colorful Online Learning Problem in Early Childhood Education During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Al-Ta’Lim, 27(3), 227–235.

Ouahidi, L. M. (2021). Teaching Writing to Tertiary EFL Large Classess : Challenges and Prospects. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation (IJLLT), 4(6).

Prabantoro, A. T. (2018). Teacher’s Strategies in Teaching Writing Narrative Text at SMK N 1 Kismantoro 2016/2017 Academic Year (Issue 1) [School of Teacher Training and Education Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta]. Article-1.pdf

Raharjanto, F. I. (2016). Teacher’s Strategies in Teaching Writing Descriptive Text at MTs N Sukoharjo in 2015/2016 Academic Year [School of Teacher Training and Education Muhammdiyah University of Surakarta]. Artikel Publikasi.pdf

Rahmat, A. (2022). J-SHMIC : Journal of English for Academic A Comparative Analysis Between Online and Offline English Learning in Covid-19 Pandemic Era: Students’ View. Journal of English for Academic, 9(2), 39–54.

Risten, R., & Pustika, R. (2021). Exploring Students’ Attitude towards English Online Learning using Moodle during COVID-19 Pandemic at SMK Yadika Bandarlampung. Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning, 2(1), 8–15.

Sari, N. (2020). An Analysis Teachers’ Strategies in Teaching Writing Skill Through E-Learning During Covid-19 (Vol. 19) [STKIP Bina Bangsa Getsempena Banda Aceh].

Siregar, S. R. (2022). Students’ Perspective on Online Learning during Covid–19 Pandemic. English Education : English Journal for Teaching and Learning, 10(01), 108–120.

Siregar, S. R., & Dongoran, N. (2020). Students ’ Ability in Writing Descriptive Text. English Education: English Journal for Teaching and Learning, 08(01), 88–90.

Utami, T. P. (2020). An Analysis of Teachers’ Strategies on English E-Learning Classes During Covid-19 Pandemic [Teacher Training and Education Faculty State Institut for islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga].

How to Cite
Siregar, S. R. (2023). Collaborative Learning and Summarizing Strategy in Teaching Writing during COVID-19 Pandemic . J-SHMIC : Journal of English for Academic, 10(1), 73-82.
Abstract viewed = 94 times
PDF downloaded = 97 times