This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. The copyright in the text of individual articles (including research articles, opinion articles, and abstracts) is the property of their respective authors, subject to a Creative Commons CC-BY-SA license granted to all others. Journal of Urban and Regional Planning for Sustainable Environment (JURPS) allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions and allows the author to retain publishing rights without restrictions.