Level of physical activity, body mass index (BMI), and sleep patterns in junior and senior high school students of Kediri city and regency

  • Sugito Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Health and Science, Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri, Kediri, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Akbar Husein Allsabah Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Health and Science, Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri, Kediri, Indonesia
  • Bambang Trio Kurniawan Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Health and Science, Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri, Kediri, Indonesia
Keywords: Physical activity;, body mass index, sleep patterns, covid-19


During the current pandemic, the pattern of activity, lifestyle, and sleep quality of students at the school level has changed due to the Covid 19 outbreak which required students to reduce their activities outside the home. The purpose of this study was to find out the level of physical activity, body mass index (BMI), and sleep patterns Junior High School (SMP) and Senior High School (SMA) students of Kediri City and District. This study uses quantitative qualitatively described methods. The subjects of this study are 548 participants of the Junior High School (SMP) and Senior High School (SMA) in Kediri City and District. Instruments in this study for physical activity levels use IPAQ (International Physical Activity Quessionare) questionnaires, body mass indexes using BMI questionnaires, and sleep patterns using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire. The results of this study show that physical activity levels of 81% fall into the Moderate category, Body Mass Index by 63% falls into the Normal category, and sleep patterns by 83% fall into the bad category. The results of this study have limitations on certain levels of education and a limited number of samples who perform new habits due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The results of this study show the real impact of the Covid-19 pandemic for school students, so in the future there needs to be a research study that can overcome the impact of the pandemic on students, namely regarding health and lifestyle.  


Download data is not yet available.


Al-Nakeeb, Y., Lyons, M., Dodd, L. J., & Al-Nuaim, A. (2015). An investigation into the lifestyle, health habits and risk factors of young adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12(4). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120404380

Auny, F. M., Akter, T., Guo, T., & Mamun, M. A. (2021). How has the covid-19 pandemic changed bmi status and physical activity – its associations with mental health conditions, suicidality: An exploratory study. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy, 14, 2527–2536. https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S308691

Beck, F., Léger, D., Fressard, L., Peretti-Watel, P., Verger, P., Peretti-Watel, P., Seror, V., Cortaredona, S., Fressard, L., Launay, O., Raude, J., Verger, P., Beck, F., Legleye, S., L’Haridon, O., Ward, J., & Léger, D. (2021). Covid-19 health crisis and lockdown associated with high level of sleep complaints and hypnotic uptake at the population level. In Journal of Sleep Research, 30(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13119

Becker, S. P., Dvorsky, M. R., Breaux, R., Cusick, C. N., Taylor, K. P., & Langberg, J. M. (2021). Prospective examination of adolescent sleep patterns and behaviors before and during COVID-19. Sleep, 44(8), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsab054

Bertrand, L., Shaw, K. A., Ko, J., Deprez, D., Chilibeck, P. D., & Zello, G. A. (2021). The impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic on university students’ dietary intake, physical activity, and sedentary behaviour. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 46(3), 23-33. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2020-0990

Best, L. A., Law, M. A., Roach, S., & Wilbiks, J. M. P. (2021). The psychological impact of COVID-19 in Canada: Effects of social isolation during the initial response. Canadian Psychology, 62(1), 40-52. https://doi.org/10.1037/cap0000254

Bhasin, A., Nam, H., Yeh, C., Lee, J., Liebovitz, D., & Achenbach, C. (2020). Is BMI Higher in Younger Patients with COVID-19? Association Between BMI and COVID-19 Hospitalization by Age. Obesity, 28(10), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22947

Breland, J. Y., Wong, M. S., Steers, W. N., Yuan, A. H., Haderlein, T. P., & Washington, D. L. (2021). BMI and Risk for Severe COVID-19 Among Veterans Health Administration Patients. Obesity, 29(5), 102-114. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.23121

Britton, P. N., & Marais, B. J. (2020). Questions raised by COVID-19 case descriptions. In Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 56(4), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14872

Brooks, C. G., Spencer, J. R., Sprafka, J. M., Roehl, K. A., Ma, J., Londhe, A. A., He, F., Cheng, A., Brown, C. A., & Page, J. (2021). Pediatric BMI changes during COVID-19 pandemic: An electronic health record-based retrospective cohort study. EClinicalMedicine, 38, 201-211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.101026

Castañeda-Babarro, A., Coca, A., Arbillaga-Etxarri, A., & Gutiérrez-Santamaría, B. (2020). Physical activity change during COVID-19 confinement. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(18), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186878

Coughenour, C., Gakh, M., Pharr, J. R., Bungum, T., & Jalene, S. (2021). Changes in Depression and Physical Activity Among College Students on a Diverse Campus After a COVID-19 Stay-at-Home Order. Journal of Community Health, 46(4), 67-76. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-020-00918-5

Dai, W., Zhou, J., Li, G., Zhang, B., & Ma, N. (2021). Maintaining normal sleep patterns, lifestyles and emotion during the COVID-19 pandemic: The stabilizing effect of daytime napping. Journal of Sleep Research, 30(4), 56-63. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13259

de Souza, C. D. F., Leal, T. C., & Santos, L. G. (2020). Circulatory system diseases in patients with covid-19: Description of clinical and epidemiological profile of 197 deaths. In Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, 115(2), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.36660/abc.20200453

Di Renzo, L., Gualtieri, P., Pivari, F., Soldati, L., Attinà, A., Cinelli, G., Cinelli, G., Leggeri, C., Caparello, G., Barrea, L., Scerbo, F., Esposito, E., & De Lorenzo, A. (2020). Eating habits and lifestyle changes during COVID-19 lockdown: An Italian survey. Journal of Translational Medicine, 18(1), 20-30. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-020-02399-5

Direito, A., Jiang, Y., Whittaker, R., & Maddison, R. (2015). Smartphone apps to improve fitness and increase physical activity among young people: Protocol of the Apps for IMproving FITness (AIMFIT) randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 15(1), 130-139. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1968-y

Djalante, R., Lassa, J., Setiamarga, D., Sudjatma, A., Indrawan, M., Haryanto, B., Mahfud, C., Sinapoy, M. S., Djalante, S., Rafliana, I., Gunawan, L. A., Surtiari, G. A. K., & Warsilah, H. (2020). Review and analysis of current responses to COVID-19 in Indonesia: Period of January to March 2020. Progress in Disaster Science, 6, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100091

Du, Y., Lv, Y., Zha, W., Zhou, N., & Hong, X. (2021). Association of body mass index (BMI) with critical COVID-19 and in-hospital mortality: A dose-response meta-analysis. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 117, 80-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2020.154373

Dunton, G. F., Do, B., & Wang, S. D. (2020). Early effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on physical activity and sedentary behavior in children living in the U.S. BMC Public Health, 20(1), 40-52. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09429-3

Durankuş, F., & Aksu, E. (2020). Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on anxiety and depressive symptoms in pregnant women: a preliminary study. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 35(2), 12-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2020.1763946

Facer-Childs, E. R., Hoffman, D., Tran, J. N., Drummond, S. P. A., & Rajaratnam, S. M. W. (2021). Sleep and mental health in athletes during COVID-19 lockdown. Sleep, 44(5), 102-111. https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsaa261

Fernström, M., Fernberg, U., & Hurtig-Wennlöf, A. (2020). The importance of cardiorespiratory fitness and sleep duration in early CVD prevention: BMI, resting heart rate and questions about sleep patterns are suggested in risk assessment of young adults, 18–25 years: The cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers and atherosclerosis (LBA) study. BMC Public Health, 20(1), 14-24. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09801-3

Frasca, D., & McElhaney, J. (2019). Influence of obesity on pneumococcus infection risk in the elderly. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 10(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2019.00071

Füzéki, E., Groneberg, D. A., & Banzer, W. (2020). Physical activity during COVID-19 induced lockdown: Recommendations. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 15(1), 12-22. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12995-020-00278-9

González, K., Fuentes, J., & Márquez, J. L. (2017). Physical inactivity, sedentary behavior and chronic diseases. In Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 38(3), 10-21. https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2017.38.3.111

Gupta, R., Grover, S., Basu, A., Krishnan, V., Tripathi, A., Subramanyam, A., Nischal, A., Hussain, A., Mehra, A., Ambekar, A., Saha, G., Mishra, K., Bathla, M., Jagiwala, M., Manjunatha, N., Nebhinani, N., Gaur, N., Kumar, N., Dalal, P., … Avasthi, A. (2020). Changes in sleep pattern and sleep quality during COVID-19 lockdown. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 62(4), 101-112. https://doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_523_20

Harada, K., Lee, S., Lee, S., Bae, S., Anan, Y., Harada, K., & Shimada, H. (2018a). Expectation for physical activity to minimize dementia risk and physical activity level among older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 26(1), 32-40. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2016-0183

Hay, J., Maximova, K., Durksen, A., Carson, V., Rinaldi, R. L., Torrance, B., Ball, G. D. C., Majumdar, S. R., Plotnikoff, R. C., Veugelers, P., Boulé, N. G., Wozny, P., McCargar, L., Downs, S., Lewanczuk, R., & McGavock, J. (2012). Physical activity intensity and cardiometabolic risk in youth. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 166(11), 208-218. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.1028

Hemphill, N. M., Kuan, M. T. Y., & Harris, K. C. (2020). Reduced Physical Activity During COVID-19 Pandemic in Children With Congenital Heart Disease. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 36(7), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2020.04.038

Huang, X., Wei, F., Hu, L., Wen, L., & Chen, K. (2020). Epidemiology and clinical characteristics of COVID-19. In Archives of Iranian Medicine, 23(4), 30-42. https://doi.org/10.34172/aim.2020.09

Ivbijaro, G., Kolkiewicz, L., Goldberg, D., N’jie, I. N. S., Edwards, T., Riba, M. B., Švab, I., Geller, J., & Enum, Y. (2021). Suicide prevention and COVID-19. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, 13(3), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1111/appy.12482

Jalal, S. M., Beth, M. R. M., Al-Hassan, H. J. M., & Alshealah, N. M. J. (2021). Body mass index, practice of physical activity and lifestyle of students during covid-19 lockdown. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 14, 56-62. https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S325269

Jena, P. K. (2020). Impact of Pandemic COVID-19 on Education in India. International Journal of Current Research (IJCR), 12(7), 12582-12586. https://doi.org/10.31235/osf.io/2kasu

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2020). Corona virus disease 2019. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, Nomor 9 (Pedoman Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar dalam Rangka Percepatan Penanganan Corona Virus DIsease 2019 (COVID-19)).

Khasawneh, L., Al-Omar, K., Tarifi, A. A., Shaout, D. M. K., Abu-Ghazal, S. Y. A., & Alfazza’A, T. S. M. (2020). The correlation between BMI and COVID-19 outcomes. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11(6), 43-50. https://doi.org/10.31838/srp.2020.6.180

Kim, Y. H., & Lee, H. G. (2017). Association of health risk perception and physical activity among adolescents. Revista de Psicologia Del Deporte, 26, 24-35.

King, A. J., Burke, L. M., Halson, S. L., & Hawley, J. A. (2020). The Challenge of Maintaining Metabolic Health During a Global Pandemic. Sports Medicine, 50(7), 227-234. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01295-8

Lavie, C. J., Ozemek, C., Carbone, S., Katzmarzyk, P. T., & Blair, S. N. (2019). Sedentary Behavior, Exercise, and Cardiovascular Health. In Circulation Research, 124(5), 67-74. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.118.312669

Lokhandwala, S., Holmes, J. F., Mason, G. M., St. Laurent, C. W., Delvey, C., Hanron, O., Andre, C., Rodheim, K., Kaur, S., & Spencer, R. M. C. (2021). Sleep and Coping in Early Childhood During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Pediatrics, 9, 34-45. https://doi.org/10.3389/fped.2021.716608

Lowry, R., Haarbauer-Krupa, J., Breiding, M. J., & Simon, T. R. (2021). Sports- and Physical Activity–Related Concussion and Risk for Youth Violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 60(3), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2020.10.018

Maugeri, G., Castrogiovanni, P., Battaglia, G., Pippi, R., D’Agata, V., Palma, A., Di Rosa, M., & Musumeci, G. (2020). The impact of physical activity on psychological health during Covid-19 pandemic in Italy. Heliyon, 6(6), 140-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04315

Mekonen, E. G., Workneh, B. S., Ali, M. S., & Muluneh, N. Y. (2021). The psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on graduating class students at the university of Gondar, northwest Ethiopia. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 14, 13-24. https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S300262

Niela-Vilen, H., Auxier, J., Ekholm, E., Sarhaddi, F., Mehrabadi, M. A., Mahmoudzadeh, A., Azimi, I., Liljeberg, P., Rahmani, A. M., & Axelin, A. (2021). Pregnant women’s daily patterns of well-being before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Finland: Longitudinal monitoring through smartwatch technology. PLoS ONE, 16(2), 222, 230. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0246494

Park, J. H., Moon, J. H., Kim, H. J., Kong, M. H., & Oh, Y. H. (2020). Sedentary Lifestyle: Overview of Updated Evidence of Potential Health Risks. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 41(6), 12-24. https://doi.org/10.4082/KJFM.20.0165

Pelletier, C. A., Cornish, K., & Sanders, C. (2021). Children’s independent mobility and physical activity during the covid-19 pandemic: A qualitative study with families. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), 45-56. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094481

Pokhrel, S., & Chhetri, R. (2021). A Literature Review on Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Teaching and Learning. Higher Education for the Future, 8(1), 133–141. https://doi.org/10.1177/2347631120983481

Ranjbar, K., Hosseinpour, H., Shahriarirad, R., Ghaem, H., Jafari, K., Rahimi, T., Mirahmadizadeh, A., & Hosseinpour, P. (2021). Students’ attitude and sleep pattern during school closure following COVID-19 pandemic quarantine: a web-based survey in south of Iran. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 26(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-021-00950-4

Riskesdas. (2018). Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian RI tahun 2018. Balitbang Kemenkes RI.

Rodríguez-Larrad, A., Mañas, A., Labayen, I., González-Gross, M., Espin, A., Aznar, S., Serrano-Sánchez, J. A., Vera-Garcia, F. J., González-Lamuño, D., Ara, I., Carrasco-Páez, L., Castro-Piñero, J., Gómez-Cabrera, M. C., Márquez, S., Tur, J. A., Gusi, N., Benito, P. J., Moliner-Urdiales, D., Ruiz, J. R., … Irazusta, J. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 confinement on physical activity and sedentary behaviour inspanish university students: Ole of gender. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(2), 103-111. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020369

Romero-Blanco, C., Rodríguez-Almagro, J., Onieva-Zafra, M. D., Parra-Fernández, M. L., Prado-Laguna, M. D. C., & Hernández-Martínez, A. (2020a). Physical activity and sedentary lifestyle in university students: Changes during confinement due to the covid-19 pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(18), 12-24. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186567

Romero-Blanco, C., Rodríguez-Almagro, J., Onieva-Zafra, M. D., Parra-Fernández, M. L., Prado-Laguna, M. D. C., & Hernández-Martínez, A. (2020b). Sleep pattern changes in nursing students during the COVID-19 lockdown. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(14), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145222

Rothan, H. A., & Byrareddy, S. N. (2020). The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. Journal of Autoimmunity, 109(2), 124-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaut.2020.102433

Sadeh, A., Raviv, A., & Gruber, R. (2000). Sleep patterns and sleep disruptions in school-age children. Developmental Psychology, 36(3), 23-34. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.36.3.291

Sañudo, B., Fennell, C., & Sánchez-Oliver, A. J. (2020). Objectively-assessed physical activity, sedentary behavior, smartphone use, and sleep patterns preand during-COVID-19 quarantine in young adults from Spain. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(15), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3390/SU12155890

Schmidt, S. J., Barblan, L. P., Lory, I., & Landolt, M. A. (2021). Age-related effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health of children and adolescents. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 12(1), 432-440. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2021.1901407

Şengül, H., Bulut, A. S. N. C. (2020). Psychological effect of COVID-19 pandemic on university students in Turkey. Annals of Clinical and Analytical Medicine, 11(6), 42-50. https://doi.org/10.4328/acam.20358

Setiati, S., & Azwar, M. K. (2020). COVID-19 and Indonesia. Acta Medica Indonesiana, 52(1), 84-89.

Smirnova, D., Syunyakov, T., Pavlichenko, A., Bragin, D., Fedotov, I., Filatova, V., Ignatenko, Y., Kuvshinova, N., Prokopenko, E., Romanov, D., Spikina, A., Yashikhina, A., Morozov, P., & Fountoulakis, K. N. (2021). Interactions between anxiety levels and life habits changes in general population during the pandemic lockdown: Decreased physical activity, falling asleep late and internet browsing about Covid-19 are risk factors for anxiety, whereas social media use is not. Psychiatria Danubina, 33(9), 119-129.

Sobana. (2020). Dampak Pandemi Covid 19 Terhadap Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Aparatur. Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia, 1(2), 166–175. https://doi.org/10.36418/japendi.v1i2.18

Spencer, L. H., Lynch, M., Lawrence, C. L., & Edwards, R. T. (2020). A scoping review of how income affects accessing local green space to engage in outdoor physical activity to improve well-being: Implications for post-COVID-19. In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(24), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249313

Srivastav, A. K., Sharma, N., & Samuel, A. J. (2021). Impact of Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) lockdown on physical activity and energy expenditure among physiotherapy professionals and students using web-based open E-survey sent through WhatsApp, Facebook and Instagram messengers: Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on physical activity and energy expenditure. Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, 9, 110-123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cegh.2020.07.003

Stepanović, S. (2020). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education. Nastava i Vaspitanje, 69(2), 183–196. https://doi.org/10.5937/nasvas2002183s

Stockwell, S., Trott, M., Tully, M., Shin, J., Barnett, Y., Butler, L., McDermott, D., Schuch, F., & Smith, L. (2021). Changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviours from before to during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown: A systematic review. In BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine, 7(1), 221-230. BMJ Publishing Group. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2020-000960

Syah, R. H. (2020). Dampak Covid-19 pada Pendidikan di Indonesia: Sekolah, Keterampilan, dan Proses Pembelajaran. SALAM: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Syar-I, 7(5), 42-56. https://doi.org/10.15408/sjsbs.v7i5.15314

Tadesse, S., & Muluye, W. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Education System in Developing Countries: A Review. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 8(10), 159–170. https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2020.810011

Tikotzky, L., & Sadeh, A. (2001). Sleep Patterns and Sleep Disruptions in Kindergarten Children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 30(4), 12-24. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15374424JCCP3004_13

Trindade, A. G., Caxito, S. M. C., Xavier, A. R. E. O., Xavier, M. A. S., & Brandão, F. (2020). COVID-19: Therapeutic approaches description and discussion. Anais Da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, 92(2), 45-56. https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765202020200466

Vernaza-Pinzón, P., Villaquiran-Hurtado, A., Paz-Peña, C. I., & Ledezma, B. M. (2017). Risk and physical activity level in adults in a healthy lifestyle program in Popayán. Revista de Salud Publica, 19(5), 67-70. https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v19n5.53042

Woods, J. A., Hutchinson, N. T., Powers, S. K., Roberts, W. O., Gomez-Cabrera, M. C., Radak, Z., Berkes, I., Boros, A., Boldogh, I., Leeuwenburgh, C., Coelho-Júnior, H. J., Marzetti, E., Cheng, Y., Liu, J., Durstine, J. L., Sun, J., & Ji, L. L. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic and physical activity. Sports Medicine and Health Science, 2(2), 55–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smhs.2020.05.006

World Health Organization. (2012). Adolescent mental health: mapping actions of nongovernmental organizations and other international development organizations. WHO Press.

Wu, Y. C., Chen, C. S., & Chan, Y. J. (2020). The outbreak of COVID-19: An overview. In Journal of the Chinese Medical Association, 83(3), 23-30. https://doi.org/10.1097/JCMA.0000000000000270

Yaméogo, C. W., Cichon, B., Fabiansen, C., Iuel-Brockdorf, A. S., Shepherd, S., Filteau, S., Traoré, A. S., Christensen, V. B., Michaelsen, K. F., Brage, S., Friis, H., & Faurholt-Jepsen, D. (2017). Correlates of Physical Activity among Young Children with Moderate Acute Malnutrition. Journal of Pediatrics, 181, 45-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.10.073

Yang, X., Telama, R., Viikari, J., & Raitakari, O. T. (2006). Risk of obesity in relation to physical activity tracking from youth to adulthood. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38(5), 102-112. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000218121.19703.f7

Zengin, M., Yayan, E. H., & Vicnelioğlu, E. (2021). The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on children’s lifestyles and anxiety levels. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 34(3), 321-330. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcap.12316

How to Cite
Sugito, Allsabah, M. A. H., & Trio Kurniawan, B. (2022). Level of physical activity, body mass index (BMI), and sleep patterns in junior and senior high school students of Kediri city and regency. Journal Sport Area, 7(1), 134-147. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2022.vol7(1).8188
Abstract viewed = 27 times
PDF downloaded = 17 times SIMILARITY CHECK downloaded = 1 times