COVID-19 pandemic: Is there any impact on the mental health of athletes?

Keywords: Psychological, mental health, covid-19, athlete

Abstract

The COVID-19 Pandemic has led to the emergence of restrictive polices that have an impact not only on the physical aspect but also on the psychological impact of athletes. This study aims to examine the mental health conditions of Central Java athletes. The research method used is descriptive qualitative which is conducted on 20 athletes in Central Java. The sampling technique in this research is purposive sampling technique. This research is conducted in five stages, namely the preparation of definitions, observation-interview guidelines, data collection, data analysis, and data interpretation. Methods of data collection using observation and interview techniques. The collected data is then analyzed through data verification, coding, tabulation, and presentation. The results of this study indicate that the COVID-19 pandemic has an impact on aspects of activity related to sport activities, aspects of mental condition, and aspects of financial well being of athletes. In the aspect of mental state, the athletes showed some negative emotion such as boredom, disapppoitment, and confusion. The emergence of these negative emotions resulted in decreased concentration and decreased motivation of the athletes in training. Mental problem that do not get psychological treatment are feared to be the cause of the emergence of disorders more severe mental health in athletes. The results of this study can be used as recommendations for coaches and the government in developing programs to improve athlete achievement through physical and mental strengthening. Suggestions for further research are the need to develop an instrument for measuring athletes' mental health and analyzing mental health factors in athletes during a pandemic.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Apriansyah, B., Sulaiman, & Mukarromah, S. B. (2017). Kontribusi Motivasi, Kerjasama, Kepercayaan Diri terhadap Prestasi Atlet Sekolah Sepakbola Pati Training Center di Kabupaten Pati. Journal of Physical Education and Sports, 6(2), 101–107. https://doi.org/10.15294/JPES.V6I2.17358

Aznan, E. A. M., Baseri, M. F., & Ali, M. N. S. (2018). The relationships between communication management and coach-athlete relationship among sport team athletes in perlis. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 13(1), 1–10.

Bosselman, V., Fernandez, S. A., Gronwald, T., Murillo-rodríguez, E., Machado, S., & Budde, H. (2021). Physical Activity , Boredom and Fear of COVID-19 Among Adolescents in Germany. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.624206

Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). Rapid Review The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it : rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet, 395(10227), 912–920. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8

Chao, M., Chen, X., Liu, T., Yang, H., & Hall, B. J. (2020). Psychological distress and state boredom during the COVID-19 outbreak in China : the role of meaning in life and media use. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 11(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2020.1769379

Davis, P. A., Gustafsson, H., Callow, N., & Woodman, T. (2020). Written Emotional Disclosure Can Promote Athletes ’ Mental Health and Performance Readiness During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.599925

Divina, A., Tondok, M. S., Radini, A., Julia, F., Azilia, K., & Abiyyu, M. (2020). Pendampingan Komunitas Atlet Bola Voli Melalui Pelatihan Virtual Goal Setting untuk Meningkatkan Motivasi Berprestasi pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Engagement Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 4(2), 476–492. https://doi.org/10.29062/engagement.v4i2.449

Eastwood, J. D., Frischen, A., Fenske, M. J., & Smilek, D. (2014). The Unengaged Mind : Defining Boredom in Terms of Attention. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7, 492–495. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691612456044

Frank, A., Fatke, B., Frank, W., Forstl, H., & Hozle, P. (2020). Depression, dependence and prices of the covid-19 crisis. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 87-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2020.04.068

Gorczynski, P., & Aron, C. M. (2020). Commentary – Social Isolation and Loneliness in Elite Athletes During a Pandemic. Revista Argentina de Clinica Psicologica, 29(3), 58–61. https://doi.org/ 10.24205/03276716.2020.709

Grubic, N., Jain, S., Mihajlovic, V., Thornton, J. S., & Johri, A. M. (2021). Competing against COVID-19: have we forgotten about student-athletes’ mental health? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 55(17), 8–11. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2021-104218

Henriksen, K., Schinke, R., Mccann, S., Durand-bush, N., Moesch, K., Parham, W. D., Larsen, C. H., Cogan, K., Poczwardowski, A., Noce, F., Hunziker, J., Henriksen, K., Schinke, R., Mccann, S., Durand-bush, N., Moesch, K., Parham, W. D., Larsen, C. H., Cogan, K., & Donaldsen, A. (2020). Athlete mental health in the Olympic / Paralympic quadrennium : a multi-societal consensus statement A. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 18(3), 391-408. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2020.1746379

Hidayat, A., Pratama, R., & Makorohim, M. F. (2020). Complex training: efektifitas latihan dalam meningkatkan power otot pada atlet bola voli remaja. Journal Sport Area, 5(2), 146–154. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea..vol().5012

Impellizzeri, F. S. F. M., Porcelli, J. S. S., Requena, J. O. B., & Arrones, L. S. (2020). Impact of Potential Physiological Changes due to COVID ‑ 19 Home Confinement on Athlete Health Protection in Elite Sports: a Call for Awareness in Sports Programming. Sports Medicine, 50(8), 1417–1419. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01297-6

Killgore, W. D. S., Taylor, E. C., Cloonan, S. A., & Dailey, N. S. (2020). Psychological resilience during the covid-19 lockdown. Psychiatry Research, 291, 113216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113216

Latella, C., & Haff, G. G. (2020). Global Challenges of Being a Strength Athlete during a Pandemic: Impacts and Sports-Specific Training Considerations and Recommendations. Sports, 8(7), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8070100

Leguizamo, F., Olmedilla, A., Núñez, A., & Verdaguer, F. J. P. (2021). Personality , Coping Strategies , and Mental Health in High-Performance Athletes During Confinement Derived From the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.561198

Lowenthal. (2006). Religion, Culturem and Mental Health. Cambridge University Press.

Mon-l, D., De, A., Riaza, R., Gal, H., & Roman, I. R. (2020). The Impact of Covid-19 and the Effect of Psychological Factors on Training Conditions of Handball Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(18), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186471

Mylsidayu, A. (2021). Stress level of physical education students: How to do the learning during the covid-19 pandemic? Journal Sport Area, 6(1), 148–160. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2021.vol6(1).5729

Özen, G., Eskici, G., Yurdakul, H. Ö., & Koç, H. (2021). Assessment of the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on emotional and nutritional status of university athletes. Physical Education of Students, 25(1), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2021.0106

Parm, Ü., Aluoja, A., Tomingas, T., & Tamm, A. (2021). Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Estonian Elite Athletes: Survey on Mental Health Characteristics, Training Conditions, Competition Possibilities, and Perception of Supportiveness. International Journal of Enviroment Research and Public Health, 18(8), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084317

Pons, J., Alcaraz, S., Jordana, A., Borrueco, M., & Torregrossa, M. (2020). Where Did All the Sport Go ? Negative Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on Life-Spheres and Mental Health of Spanish Young Athletes. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.611872

Purcell, R., Gwyther, K., & Rice, S. M. (2019). Mental Health In Elite Athletes : Increased Awareness Requires An Early Intervention Framework to Respond to Athlete Needs. Sport Medicine-Open, 5(46), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-019-0220-1

Putri, A. W., Wibhawa, B., & Gutama, A. S. (2015). Kesehatan mental masyarakat Indonesia (pengetahuan, dan keterbukaan masyarakat terhadap gangguan kesehatan mental). Prosiding Penelitian & Pengabdian Masyarakat, 2(2), 252–258.

Rasyono. (2019). Pengaruh Latihan Beban Karet Terhadap Peningkatan Kecepatan Tednangan Dollyo Chagi Atlet Junior Taekwondo. Journal Sport Area, 3(2), 157–167. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2018.vol3(2).1873

Reardon, C. L., Bindra, A., Blauwet, C., Budgett, R., Campriani, N., Currie, A., Gouttebarge, V., Mcduff, D., Mountjoy, M., Purcell, R., Putukian, M., Rice, S., & Hainline, B. (2020). Mental health management of elite athletes during COVID-19 : a narrative review and recommendations. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 55(11), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102884

Ruffault, A., Bernier, M., Fournier, J., & Hauw, N. (2020). Anxiety and Motivation to Return to Sport During the French COVID-19 Lockdown. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.610882

Samuel, R. D., Tenenbaum, G., & Galily, Y. (2020). The 2020 Coronavirus Pandemic as a Change-Event in Sport Performers ’ Careers : Conceptual and Applied Practice Considerations. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.567966

Schinke, R. J., & Stambulova, N. B. (2017). International society of sport psychology position stand: Athletes’ mental health, performance, and development. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16(6), 622-639. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2017.1295557

Souter, G., Lewis, R., & Serrant, L. (2018). Men, Mental Health and Elite Sport: A Narrative Review. Sports Medicine-Open, 4(57), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-018-0175-7

Sugihartono, T., Nopiyanto, Y. E., Raibowo, S., & Ilahi, B. R. (2021). The relationship between athletes’ perceptions of Covid-19 and communication with the psychological skills. Journal Sport Area, 6(2), 183–192. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2021.vol6(2).6337

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif-Kualitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta.

Toresdahl, B. G., & Asif, I. M. (2020). Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Considerations for the Competitive Athlete. Sports Health, 12(3), 221–224. https://doi.org/10.1177/1941738120918876

Zeelenberg, M., Dijk, W. W. Van, Manstead, A. S. R., & Pligt, J. Van Der. (2000). On Bad Decisions and Disconfirmed Expectancies : The Psychology of Regret and Disappointment. Cognition and Emotion, 14, 521–541. https://doi.org/10.1080/026999300402781

Published
2022-04-28
How to Cite
Faizah, R., & Hermahayu. (2022). COVID-19 pandemic: Is there any impact on the mental health of athletes?. Journal Sport Area, 7(1), 148-159. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2022.vol7(1).7268
Section
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Abstract viewed = 79 times
PDF downloaded = 22 times SIMILARITY CHECK downloaded = 2 times