Foam rolling reduced total creatine kinase in acute muscle inflammation following long-distance running


  • Mohammad Arif Ali Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Bayu Pangestu Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Setya Rahayu Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Gustiana Mega Anggita Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
  • Dewi Marfu’ah Kurniawati Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Etika Ratna Noer Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Ani Mazlina Dewi Mohamed Department of Physical and Health Education, Faculty of Education, Univeristi Teknologi MARA, Malaysia


Physical therapy, muscle damage, endurance exercise


Strenuous physical activity is able to cost muscle damage. In urban society, ten kilometers running has become a modern culture. It induces acute inflammation as a normal physiological response. Conversely, a foam roller is known as a self-myofascial release (SMR) technique which can be done individually. Previous studies stated that foam rolling (FR) could increase flexibility, and reduce muscle pain sensation. However, there is still a limited supply of scientific evidence to prove its positive effects, especially through biomarkers such as creatine kinase (CK). This study aims to elucidate the beneficial effects of a foam roller in CK concentration after 10 kilometers of running which induces DOMS. A quasi-repeated measures design was elected as an approach to conducting this study. The purposive sampling technique was used to obtain the subjects (n= 10). Creatine kinase measurements were performed before 10 km running and 3 days post running by using the COBAS INTEGRA 400 Plus Test (the UV-test concept). Repeated Measures ANOVA was used to determine the effect of FR on CK. Ten kilometers of running increased Total CK concentration, pre-test data was 146.2 ± 36.3 (U/L), and 24 hours was 452.3 ± 216.5 (U/L). Creatine Kinase decreased at 48 hours (300.6 ± 117.6 (U/L), and 72 hours (238.4 ± 67.5 (U/L) post-application of foam rolling. We conclude that long distance running increased significantly total CK, and foam rolling might decrease CK concentration in the blood.


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How to Cite

Ali, M. A., Pangestu, B., Rahayu, S., Anggita, G. M., Kurniawati, D. M., Noer, E. R., & Mohamed, A. M. D. (2023). Foam rolling reduced total creatine kinase in acute muscle inflammation following long-distance running. Journal Sport Area, 8(1), 117–122.



Received 2023-02-08
Accepted 2023-03-09
Published 2023-04-08

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