Analysis of energy requirements and nutritional needs of rock climbing athletes

  • Hendra Mashuri Department of Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Faculty of Sport and Health, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Bali, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5208-1995
  • M. Adam Mappaompo Department of Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Didik Purwanto Department of Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Faculty of Teacher Training in Education, Universitas Tadulako, Palu, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8177-542X
Keywords: Nutritions, energy, rock climbing

Abstract

Measuring the nutritional needs of rock climbing athletes can help athletes, coaches, and managers determine the portion of food and portion of the athlete's training. The purpose of this study is to determine the energy requirements and nutritional needs of FPTI rock climbing athletes in Buleleng Regency as recommendations for feeding. This research is a cross-sectional study that seeks to reveal quantitative variables and qualitative comments involving 12 rock climbing athletes. Data collection procedures by measurement of the nutritional needs of rock climbing athletes are carried out by providing an explanation of nutritional needs and measurement procedures, measuring BMI, calculating BMR and SDA, interviews for non-sports and sports physical activities, calculating total energy needs, determining food portions, and discussing the needs and eating of athletes per day. The calculation results show that the athlete's BMI is in the ideal category. The average energy requirement of athletes per day is 4568.45 calories. The average carbohydrate requirement for rock climbing athletes is 2741.07 calories or 685.27 grams. Energy needs that can be met by fat are 1142.11 calories or 126.9 grams. The energy requirement that can be supplied by protein is 685.27 calories or 171.32 grams. Rock climbing athletes require a diet with a rather low intake of protein and carbohydrates to keep body weight low. Adolescent rock climbing athletes must be careful in managing energy consumption which has an impact on growth and achievement.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdumalikovich, U. A. (2022). Types and Methods of Nutrition of Athletes. Web of Scientist: International Scientific Research Journal, 3(9), 605–610. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/VBMPT

Astuti, N. P. T., Bayu, W. I., & Destriana, D. (2022). Indeks Massa Tubuh, Pola Makan, dan Aktivitas Fisik: Apakah Saling Berhubungan? Jurnal Olahraga Pendidikan Indonesia (JOPI), 1(2), 154–167. https://doi.org/10.54284/jopi.v1i2.99

Doherty, R., Madigan, S., Warrington, G., & Ellis, J. (2019). Sleep and Nutrition Interactions: Implications for Athletes. Nutrients, 11(4), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11040822

Ersoy, N., Kalkan, I., & Ersoy, G. (2019). Assessment of Nutrition Status of Turkish Elite Young Male Soccer Players in the Pre-Competition Period. Progress in Nutrition, 21(1), 12–18. https://doi.org/10.23751/pn.v21i1.7127

Hardiyono, B. (2018). Efektifitas Model Latihan Kekuatan Badgan terhadap Keberhasilan Pemanjatan pada Olahraga Panjat Dinding untuk Pemanjat Pemula. Jurnal Ilmu Keolahragaan, 17(1), 50–57. https://doi.org/10.24114/jik.v17i1.9963

Hardiyono, B. (2019). Pengaruh Latihan Tiga Gerakan Push Up terhadap Kemampuan Kekuatan Atlet Porwil Panjat Tebing Sum-Sel. Jurnal Ilmu Keolahragaan, 18(2), 72–78. https://doi.org/10.24114/jik.v18i2.15844

Herpandika, R. P., Yuliawan, D., & Rizky, M. Y. (2019). Studi Kondisi Fisik dan Status Gizi Atlet Puslatkot Kota Kediri 2019. Seminar Nasional IPTEK Olahraga (SENALOG) II, 2(1), 8.

Husaini, M. A. (2002). Peranan Gizi dalam meningkatkan Prestasi Olahraga. Penyusunan Gizi Atlet.

Krawczyk, M., Ozimek, M., Rokowski, R., Pociecha, M., & Draga, P. (2018). Anthropometric Characteristics and Anaerobic Power of Lower Limbs and Their Relationships With Race Time in Female Speed Climbers. Society. Integration. Education. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, 4, 118–126. https://doi.org/10.17770/sie2018vol1.3268

MacKenzie, R., Monaghan, L., Masson, R. A., Werner, A. K., Caprez, T. S., Johnston, L., & Kemi, O. J. (2019). Physical and Physiologic Determinants of Rock Climbing. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 15(2), 168–179. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2018-0901

Mashuri, H. (2019a). Analisis Tingkat Kenikmatan Beraktifitas Fisik Peserta Didik Pendidikan Jasmani Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani, Olahraga dan Kesehatan, 3(1), 55–70. https://doi.org/10.33503/jp.jok.v3i1.602

Mashuri, H., Zawawi, M. A., Kholis, M. N., Junaidi, S., Pratama, B. A., Harmono, S., & Jatmiko. (2019b). Pelatihan Kondisi Fisik Dominan Bola Basket. JPPNu : Jurnal Pengabdian dan Pemberdayaan Nusantara, 1(2), 42–52.

Mashuri, H., & Artanayasa, I. W. (2021a). Effectiveness of Bio-Energy Power to Improving VO2Max Futsal Players. Competitor: Jurnal Pendidikan Kepelatihan Olahraga: Jurnal Pendidikan Kepelatihan Olahraga, 13(2), 208. https://doi.org/10.26858/cjpko.v13i2.20514

Mashuri, H., Mappaompo, A., Gunarto, P., & Herpandika, R. P. (2021b). Pendekatan Kreatif Pendidikan Jasmani, Olahraga, dan Kesehatan: Adaptasi Pandemi COVID-19 untuk Membentuk Gaya Hidup Sehat. SEMDIKJAR 4: Seminar Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran.

Mashuri, H. (2022a). Implementasi Pendekatan Kreatif Pendidikan Jasmani, Olahraga, dan Kesehatan Bagi Guru SD Muhammadiyah 3 Denpasar. Akademia Pustaka.

Mashuri, H. (2022b). Pentingnya Penghitungan Status Gizi dan Kebutuhan Kalori Peserta Didik dalam Mata Pelajaran Pendidikan Jasmani, Olahraga, dan Kesehatan. Seminar Nasional Sains, Kesehatan, dan Pembelajaran.

Meseri, R., Küçükerdönmez, Ö., & Akder, R. N. (2022). Comparison of Various Predictive Energy Equations for Female University Students With Measured Basal Metabolic Rate : A Pilot Study. Ingenta: Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 37(4), 314–324. https://doi.org/10.1097/TIN.0000000000000282

Michael, M. K., Joubert, L., & Witard, O. C. (2019a). Assessment of Dietary Intake and Eating Attitudes in Recreational and Competitive Adolescent Rock Climbers: A Pilot Study. Frontiers in Nutrition, 6(May 2019), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2019.00064

Michael, M. K., Witard, O. C., & Joubert, L. (2019b). Physiological Demands and Nutritional Considerations for Olympic-Style Competitive Rock Climbing. Cogent Medicine, 6(1), 1667199. https://doi.org/10.1080/2331205x.2019.1667199

Mocha-Bonilla, J. A., Sanchez Guerrero, J., Jimenez, L. A., Pilamunga Poveda, M., Barona-Onate, R., & Sanchez Guerrero, A. G. (2018). Analysis of the Body Composition Index and Basal Metabolic Rate Through the Mobile Application eHealth-UTA. 2018 5th International Conference on EDemocracy and EGovernment, ICEDEG 2018, 386–391. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEDEG.2018.8372326

Nugraheni, S., & Mukti, G. S. (2013). Ilmu Gizi I (1st Editio). Tim Direktorat Pembinaan SMK.

Nur, H. (2019). Memangun Karekater Anak Melalui Permainan Anak Tradisional. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Manajemen Pendidikan, 1(1), 87–94. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpk.v0i1.1290

Pethusamy, K., Gupta, A., Yadav, R. (2022). Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR). In: Vonk, J., Shackelford, T.K. (eds) Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55065-7_1429

Puspaningtyas, D. E., Sari, S. P., Afriani, Y., & Mukarromah, N. (2019). Edukasi Gizi Efektif Meningkatkan Pengetahuan Atlet Mengenai Gizi Seimbang dan Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Cairan. Jurnal Pengabdian Dharma Bakti, 2(2), 34–38. https://doi.org/10.35842/jpdb.v2i2.87

Pyszczek, A. P., Golabek, K., & Ilow, B. R. (2019). Evaluation of the Relationship of the Climbing Level of Sport Climbers with Selected Anthropometric Indicators and Diet Composition. Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine, 28(4), 15–26. https://doi.org/10.18276/CEJ.2019.4-02

Rasyono, & Yanto, A. H. (2022). Socialization of Balanced Nutrition Needs for Athletes during the Covid-19 Pandemic at UNJA Cricket Club. Jurnal Cerdas Sifa Pendidikan, 11(1), 87–91. https://doi.org/10.22437/csp.v11i1.18832

Rismayanthi, C. (2015). Sistem Energi dan Kebutuhan Zat Gizi yang diperlukan untuk Peningkatan Prestasi Atlet. Jorpres, 11(1), 109–121. https://doi.org/10.21831/jorpres.v11i1.10270

Sandi, I. N. (2019). Jenis Keterampilan dan Pengelompokkan Olahraga. Jurnal Pendidikan Kesehatan Rekreasi, 5(2), 64–73.

Sharly, T., & Alnedral, A. (2022). Evaluasi Program Pembinaan Prestasi Atlet Panjat Tebing Sumatera Barat Berbasis Cippo. Sporta Saintika, 7(2), 191–210. https://doi.org/10.24036/sporta.v7i2.248

Simič, V., Jevšnik, Š., & Mohorko, N. (2022). Low Energy Availability and Carbohydrate Intake in Competitive Adolescent Climbers. Kinesiology, 54(2), 268–277. https://doi.org/10.26582/k.54.2.8

Smith, J. W., Holmes, M. E., & McAllister, M. J. (2017). Nutritional Considerations for Performance in Young Athletes. Journal of Sports Medicine, 2017, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6904048

Thomas, D. T., Burke, L. M., & Erdman, K. A. (2016). Nutrition and Athletic Performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(3), 543–568. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000852

Watson, A. D., Zabriskie, H. A., Witherbee, K. E., Sulavik, A., Gieske, B. T., & Kerksick, C. M. (2019). Determining a Resting Metabolic Rate Prediction Equation for Collegiate Female Athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 33(9), 2426–2432. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002856

Welis, W., & Rifki, M. S. (2013). Gizi untuk Aktivitas FIsik dan Kebugaran. UNP Press.

Published
2022-12-14
How to Cite
Mashuri, H., Mappaompo, M. A., & Purwanto, D. (2022). Analysis of energy requirements and nutritional needs of rock climbing athletes. Journal Sport Area, 7(3), 437-445. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2022.vol7(3).10886
Section
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Abstract viewed = 87 times
PDF downloaded = 33 times SIMILARITY CHECK downloaded = 5 times