Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan <p style="text-align: justify;">Perspektif&nbsp;Pendidikan dan Keguruan&nbsp;is published by the Faculty of Education&nbsp;Universitas Islam Riau (UIR), as a vehicle of scientific information, Science Education, Teaching <span class="">in the form of</span> research and literature review, opinions, technical papers, short communications, <span class="">and reviews</span> of books. ACCREDITED by Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia, <a title="Accreditation Certificate" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">No.21/E/KPT/2018</a>, July 9, 2018. Published two times in a year on April and October. This journal has been indexed in Sinta (S4), GARUDA, and Google Scholar.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Online ISSN : 2579-9525&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Print ISSN : 1411-3570</p> en-US (Sri Yuliani) (Andri Eko Prabowo) Thu, 28 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Giving Incentives and the Impact on the Discipline of Economic Teachers in Implementing Their Assignment <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of giving incentives to the discipline of economics teachers in carrying out assignments at SMA Negeri 12 Pekanbaru. The population is 8 teachers, because the population is small, the authors make the population as a sample. Data collection techniques that the author uses are questionnaires, interviews, and documentation. And the data processing technique that the author uses is a simple linear regression formula and product moment correlation with the help of the SPSS version 16.0 program. Based on the presentation and analysis of the data, it is known that the provision of incentives has a significant effect on the discipline of economics teachers in carrying out their duties at SMA Negeri 12 Pekanbaru. This is evidenced by the results of the analysis that observation = 0.938 is greater than Rtable at a significant level of 5% (0.838 &gt; 0.707) this means that Ha is accepted, Ho is rejected. ro observation = 0.938 is greater than Rtable at a significant level of 1% (0.938 &gt; 0.834) This means that Ha is accepted, Ho is rejected. Thus it can be concluded that there is a significant effect between the provision of incentives on the discipline of economics teachers in carrying out their duties of 0.881 X 100% = 88.1%.</em></p> Dicki Hartanto, Mia Anggelia Syafitri Copyright (c) 2021 Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan Thu, 28 Oct 2021 15:22:07 +0000 Strategi Peningkatan Kemandirian Belajar Mahasiswa Pendidikan Bahasa Arab di Era Revolusi Industri 4.0 <p><em>This research is qualitative research using a descriptive approach. Data collection techniques in this study using Interview Techniques, Documentation, and Literature Studies. The systematics of strategy formulation refers to five stages. These stages include: (1) Environmental identification (2) Conducting internal and external environmental analysis by measuring strengths and weaknesses as well as opportunities and threats, (3) Formulating key success factors of strategies designed based on the previous analysis, (4) Determining measurable goals and targets, evaluating various alternative strategies by considering the available resources and external conditions faced, (5) Selecting the most appropriate strategy to achieve short-term and long-term goals. This study shows the results of several strategies to increase learning Self-Regulated Learning for Arabic Language Education students at the Universitas Islam Riau as follows; 1) Using a Student-Centered learning (SCL) approach in learning, 2) Using a Net-centric approach in learning media, 3) Building student awareness about Self-Regulated Learning on an ongoing basis, 4) Using E-learning applications that can encourage and stimulate students carry out Self-Regulated Learning, 5) Coordinate between Permanent Lecturers of Study Programs in the formulation of Semester Learning Plans for the core courses of study programs, 6) Create an Arabic language environment, 7) Conduct reward programs for student achievements, 8) There is lecturer guidance for students who will compete.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Arabic Language Education, Industrial Revolution 4.0, Self-Regulated Learning, Students, Strategy.</em></p> Saproni Muhammad Samin, Yenni Yunita, Ismail Akzam Copyright (c) 2021 Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan Thu, 28 Oct 2021 15:16:03 +0000 Pengaruh Motivasi Belajar terhadap Prestasi Belajar Siswa pada Mata Pelajaran Ekonomi Bisnis di Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan Muhammadiyah 2 Pekanbaru <p><em>This research aimed at knowing the influence of students’ extrinsic learning motivation toward their learning achievement on Business Economics subject at Vocational High School of Muhammadiyah 2 Pekanbaru.&nbsp; This research was instigated by students who could not reach the minimum standard of passing grade, so their learning achievement was not yet maximum.&nbsp; It was a quantitative research.&nbsp; The subjects of this research were the eleventh-grade students of Accounting 1 and 2 and Marketing.&nbsp; Questionnaire and documentation were the techniques of collecting data.&nbsp; The technique of analyzing the data was simple linear regression test.&nbsp; Based on the research findings, it could be concluded that there was a significant influence of students’ extrinsic learning motivation toward their learning achievement on Business Economics subject at Vocational High School of Muhammadiyah 2 Pekanbaru.&nbsp; It was proven by the comparison between r<sub>observed</sub> and r<sub>tabel</sub>, it was obtained that r<sub>observed</sub> was higher than r<sub>tabel</sub> at 5% and 1% errors (0.202&lt;0.664&gt;0.263), so H<sub>0</sub> was rejected and H<sub>a</sub> was accepted.&nbsp; The contribution of the influence of students’ extrinsic learning motivation toward their learning achievement was 44.1%, and the rest (100%-44.1%=55.9%) was influenced by other factors that were not discussed in this research.</em></p> Mia Salmiah, Yulia Novita, Novia Rahmawita Copyright (c) 2021 Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan Thu, 28 Oct 2021 15:10:56 +0000 Konstruksi Realitas melalui Pendayagunaan Kosakata dalam Tajuk Rencana Harian Kompas <p><em>This</em>&nbsp; <em>study focuses on the use of vocabulary in tajuk rencana of Kompas. Ultilization of certain vocabulary by newspaper can form a reality or different views on a thing or event. Through this research, the writer tries to observe how the use of vocabulary in shaping the public’s view or called the construction or reality, so that it is illustrated that vocabulary in a medium plays an important role in shaping the understanding of the audience or readers. The problem that is focused is “How is the reality contruction through the use of vocabulary in tajuk rencana of Kompas?” By doing this research in the end the writer can describe the utilization of vocabulary that forms a certain reality. From the data found in this study, it can be concluded that the use of vocabulary in tajuk rencana of Kompas&nbsp; based on constructing a positive reality and image to the government, many thing or events are describe classification vocabulary, which tend to benefit the government and marginalize other parties. So, it is clear that there is a practice of language in every sense.</em></p> Hermaliza, Ermawati. S, Alber Copyright (c) 2021 Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan Thu, 28 Oct 2021 15:05:26 +0000 Struktur Frasa Verbal Bahasa Melayu Riau Dialek Kampar: Teori X-Bar <p><strong>A</strong><strong>bstract</strong></p> <p>There have been several research studies that discussed verb phrases. But only some researchers analyse the X-bar theory concerning regional languages in Riau. The author attempts to demonstrate the structure of verb phrase in the Malay dialect of Kampar by using the X-bar theory.This study aims to find and analyse the rules structuring verb phrases contained in the Malay dialect of Kampar. This research was conducted through a field observation by using the descriptive method. According to the findings of the study, it is found that the principles for creating verb phrase structures in Kampar dialect were. 1) FV ---&gt; V+N, ŋikIʸ umpʷIɁ ‘(me)motong rumput’/ Cut the grass; 2) FV ---&gt; V+Spes, bagoɣaɁ lo ‘memasak’/ cook; 3) FV ---&gt; Spes+V, ola makan ‘sudah makan’/ have got the food; 4) FV ---&gt; NEG+V+Spes, ndaɁ dataŋ do ‘tidak datang’/ did not come; 5) FV ---&gt; V+V, paʸ makan ‘pergi makan’/ get to eat;&nbsp; 6) FV ---&gt; Adj+V, paya ŋasʷoňo ‘susah mengasuhnya/menjaganya’/ its hard to take care of; and 7) FV ---&gt; V, motoŋ ‘menoreh/menyadap karet’/ tap the rubber.</p> <p><em>Key words: Riau Malay, Kampar Dialect, Verb Phrase Structure, X-Bar Theory</em></p> Ermawati. S, Hermaliza, Alber Copyright (c) 2021 Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan Thu, 28 Oct 2021 14:58:29 +0000 Membangun Karakter Siswa melalui Kesantunan Bahasa <p><em>A person's character is very dependent on the environment in which they live and grow into adulthood. This study seeks to reveal one of the indicators of children's character, namely language politeness, especially in the school environment. The purpose of this study was to determine the reality of the condition of language politeness of children to their teachers and schoolmates, to find out the factors that cause language politeness deviations, and to find out the efforts made by schools in dealing with these deviations. This research is a qualitative research that produces descriptive data. Research subjects include teachers and students. The results showed that there were still some children who experienced deviations in language politeness to their teachers and school friends, namely in the form of reluctance to use polite language speech, mutual ridicule/verbal bullying between school friends using the names of parents and the profession of parents, and the unfavorable influence of social media.</em></p> Achadi Budi Santosa, Muhammad Zuhaery Copyright (c) 2021 Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan Thu, 28 Oct 2021 14:47:50 +0000 THE GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING ON THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC PERIOD <p>The Covid19 pandemic that came suddenly has demanded a radical change in the learning system. Many are not ready for the change in the system, schools are constrained in providing services to their students, as well as the way teachers provide learning to their students. This problem is also faced by guidance and counseling teachers in providing services to their students. The purpose of this study was to uncover guidance and counseling teacher services, student responses, and barriers to guidance and counseling services during the Covid19 pandemic. The method used is a qualitative approach to the phenomenological model. The results showed that the guidance and counseling services provided by teachers during the Covid19 pandemic were not optimal. Student responses in receiving services vary. Each subject experienced different obstacles, most students were constrained in taking virtual lessons, did not have cellphones, did not have laptops, the ability to buy credit was very limited, and internet network access was unstable so that students became constrained in learning.</p> Dwi Rohmadi, Achadi Budi Santosa, Apri Winge Adindo Copyright (c) 2021 Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan Sun, 25 Apr 2021 05:45:08 +0000 PENGAMALAN NILAI SOSIAL DAN PENDIDIKAN KEAGAMAAN PADA KEHIDUPAN MASYARAKAT MUSLIM RIAU <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana pengamalan kehidupan sosial keagamaan masyarakat muslim di Riau. Sasarannya adalah masyarakat muslim di Kota Pekanbaru dan Kabupaten Kampar sebagai pusat penyebaran penduduk mayoritas muslim. Sehingga subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah masyarakat muslim Riau yang diwakili dengan sampel yaitu masyarakat kota Pekanbaru dan masyarakat Kabupaten Kampar yang dianggap mewakili dikarenakan mayoritas penduduknya beragama Islam. Sedangkan objek yang akan diteliti dan menjadi fokus pada permasalahan utama dalam penelitian ini adalah pengamalan kehidupan sosial keagamaan pada masyarakat muslim Riau tersebut. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif yang akan mengungkapkan fenomena secara deksriptif. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teknik kepustakaan, observasi dan dokumentasi. Sedangkan untuk analisis datanya menggunakan analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini memberikan kesimpulan bahwa pengamalan kehidupan sosial keagamaan masyarakat muslim di Riau sudah berjalan dengan baik dan semestinya. Artinya masyarakat muslim Riau sudah mampu mengamalkan nilai-nilai keagamaan di dalam setiap sendi kehidupan sosial bermasyarakat.</p> Nurasmawi, Ristiliana, Wardani Purnama Sari, Muhammad Ihsan Hamdy Copyright (c) 2021 Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan Thu, 22 Apr 2021 13:01:47 +0000 An ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS’ SPEAKING ABILITY IN RETELLING STORY ON DESCRIPTIVE TEXT AT THE SECOND GRADE STUDENTS OF SMP YLPI PEKANBARU <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><em>T</em><em>he aims of this research was to know students' ability in speaking and to find out which aspects are the most dominant problems for the students at the second grade students of SMP YLPI</em> <em>Pekanbaru. The focused of this research was to analyze the students' problems in speaking based on five components of speaking which are pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, fluency and comprehension.</em> <em>T</em><em>he design of this research was a qualitative research. This research was conducted at SMP YLPI </em><em>Pekanbaru. The</em><em> population of this research was the second-grade students at SMP YLPI </em><em>Pekanbaru which consists of 54 students. The</em> <em>researchers</em><em> chose </em><em>class </em><em>I</em><em>I</em><em>.</em><em>2 as a sample with the total number of the students </em><em>were</em> <em>28 students</em> <em>through purposive technique sampling</em><em>. </em><em>T</em><em>he researcher</em><em>s</em> <em>used speaking test as the instrument of research. This research conducted via Whatsapp</em><em> by</em> <em>recording the students’</em> <em>performances</em> <em>when retell descriptive text. Then the researcher transcribed</em><em> the videos into</em> <em>script</em><em>s</em> <em>and asked raters to provide the scores.</em> <em>From the results of this study, the researcher found that the students' speaking ability in retelling story </em><em>had</em> <em>the average score of 3 and categorized</em><em> as a</em> <em>good level</em><em>. </em><em>T</em><em>he pronunciation component</em><em>,</em> <em>the students</em><em>’</em> <em>mean</em> <em>score was 2.8</em><em> points</em><em>,</em><em> while</em><em> grammar </em><em>got</em> <em>3.5</em><em> points. Following that,</em> <em>v</em><em>ocabulary </em><em>component</em> <em>was 3.2</em><em> points</em><em>, </em><em>conversely on</em><em> fluency</em><em>,</em> <em>it was 2.7</em><em> points</em><em>.</em> <em>The last, the students’</em> <em>average score on </em><em>the component of comprehension</em><em> was</em><em> 2.8</em><em> points</em><em>. </em><em>Finally</em><em>, it can be concluded that the most dominant problem faced by students in speaking was the fluency component.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keyword: </em></strong><em>S</em><em>tudents’ Speaking Ability, Retelling Story, Descriptive Text</em></p> Andi Idayani, Des Adean Fitri Copyright (c) 2021 Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan Thu, 22 Apr 2021 12:58:17 +0000 KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS MAHASISWA DI PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN AKUNTANSI <p><em>The purpose of this study was to determine the critical thinking skills of students in the Accounting Education Study Program, Islamic University of Riau. This research is a type of quantitative descriptive research. The population and sample of this study were all students of the 5th semester of the 2020/2021 academic year, totaling 48 people. Collecting research data using documentation study techniques, and analyzed using descriptive analysis. The results showed that the critical thinking skills of Accounting Education students, on average, had good abilities. However, there are still some students who have a low critical thinking category. This is due to; 1) Some students are still formulating questions that are classified as CI and C2. 2) Students tend to answer questions briefly, without providing further explanation. 3) Students still use reasons that focus on the words of the book or take it directly from the internet without examining it first. Therefore, students must be encouraged to improve their abilities in critical thinking.</em></p> Purba Andy Wijaya, Fitriani Copyright (c) 2021 Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan Thu, 22 Apr 2021 12:55:09 +0000