Derivational and Inflectional Morphemes: A Morphological Analisis

  • Rugaiyah Rugaiyah Universitas Islam Riau


This study was intended to describe  the category of inflectional and derivational morphemes found in  Reading Texts of 2013 Curriculum English Textbook for the X Grade of Senior High Schools Published by Ministry of Education and Culture. Morpheme is used to refer to the smallest unit that has meaning or serves a grammatical function in a language. The morphemes which can meaningfully stand alone are called free morphemes while the morphemes such as –er and –s, which cannot meaningfully stand alone are called bound morphemes. The design of this study was descriptive qualitative. The results of this study show that Derivational prefixes consist of  inter-, eco-, un-, ar-, pre-, re-, pro-, be-, de-, in-, dis-, a-, ex-, auto-, mis-, agri-, em-, ap-, im- and al-. While,  Derivational suffixes consist of four categories. Thus are nominal, verbal, adjectival, and adverbial suffixes.  First, nominal suffixes, namely  –ism, -ation, -al, -ing, -ist, -or, -ity, -er, -ance, -ment, -ion, -ess, -ium, -ature, -ry, -ant, -ce, -ive, -cy, -y, -r, -ge, and -ness. Second, Verbal suffixes, namely –n and –ize. Third, Adjectival suffixes,  namely  –al, -ly, -ous, -ing, -able, -ic, -ish, -ive, -ian, -ny, -less, -ed, -ary, -nese, -y, and –ful and the last is adverbial suffix  –ly. Otherwise, the categories of inflectional morphemes that found in texts consist of  Noun suffixes (plural) such as;  –s, -ies, and –es, Noun suffixes (possessive) e.g;  –s’ and -’s, Verb suffixes (3rd person singular) are –s and –es, Verb suffixes (past tense) are –ed and –d, Verb suffixes (past participle) such as; –n, -d, and -ed, Adjective suffixes (comparative) are  –er, - r, and –ier and  Adjective suffixes (superlative) are –st and –est. Therefore, based on the result of finding verb suffixes are not found.



Arikunto, Suharsima.1998. Prosedur

Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. PT. Rineka Cipta: Jakarta.

Graves, Kathleen. 2000. Designing
Language Courses: A Guide for

Haspelmath, Martin & Andrea D. Sims.
2010. Understanding Morphology:
2nd Edition. London: Hodder

Kieffer, M. J., & Lesaux, N. K. (2008). The role of derivational morphology in the reading comprehension of Spanish-speaking English
language learners. Reading and Writing, 21(8), 783-804. Retrieved from
/85681834?accountid=11774[Acce ssed 13.12.2017]

Katamba, Francis. 1993. Morphology.
London: Macmillan LDT. Katamba, Francis. 1994. Englsih Words. London: Routhladge.

Mahmood, Khalid. 2011. Conformity to Quality Characteristics of Textbooks: The Illusion of Textbook Evaluation in Pakistan. Journal of Research and Reflections in Education.
Vol.5, No.2; pp. 170-190;
December 2011. Http:// (Accessed on
Mart 21th, 2018).

Nida, Eugene A. 1952. Morphology: The Descriptive Analysis of Words (Second Edition). ANN ARBOR: University of Michigan Press.

Plag, Ingo. 2003. Word-Formation in English. New York: Cambridge University Press

Rugaiyah. 2016. Pengantar Penelitian Kulaitatif dan Analisis Bahasa. Pekanbaru: Forum Kerakyatan.

Srijono, Djoko. 2010. An Introductory

Course of Linguistics. Surakarta:Muhammadiyah University Press.

Sudaryanto. 1993. Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Data:Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan secara Linguistis.Yogyakarta: Duta

Wardhaugh, Ronald. Introduction to Linguistics. Second Edition. New York: McGraw Hill, Inc., 1987.

Widiati, Utami., dkk. 2017. Bahasa Inggris (Edisi Revisi 2017). Jakarta: Pusat Kurikulum dan Perbukuan, Balitbang, Kemendikbud.

White, T. G., Power, M. A., & White, S. (1989). Morphological analysis: Implications for teaching and understanding vocabulary growth. Reading Research Quarterly, 24(3),
283-304. Retrieved from
[Accessed 12.3.2015]
How to Cite
RUGAIYAH, Rugaiyah. Derivational and Inflectional Morphemes: A Morphological Analisis. J-SHMIC : Journal of English for Academic, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 73-85, aug. 2018. ISSN 2541-1446. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 19 july 2019. doi:

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.