The Effect of Using Educational Multimedia in Dictation on Students’ Listening Comprehension at MA Darul Hikmah Pekanbaru

  • Agustina Yusuf Rahmat english lecturer


The main goal of the study was to investigate the effect of using educational multimedia in dictation on students’ listening comprehension at MA Darul Hikmah Pekanbaru. This was a quasi-experimental research which involved control class and experimental class. The population of the study was 175 and the sample was 52. The instrument of the study had been tested its validity and reliability by conducting try-out test two times. The instrument was given in control class and experimental class before and after giving treatments. The treatments were only given to experimental class meanwhile in control class remained using the conventional teaching technique. The data were analyzed by using indipendent sample t-test and paired sample t-test then the effect size and improvement were calculted. The result of the study shows that both control class and experimental class had improvement of their listening comprehension. But, the improvement of experimental class was much higher that control class was. The improvement of listening comprehension in experimental class was  43,2% but in control class was only 11,5%. In short, it can be concluded that the using of educational multimedia in dictation provely could improve students’ listening comprehension.


Abidin, Mohamad Jafre Zainol, et. al. 2011. Theory and Practice in Language Studies: The Effectiveness of Using Songs in YouTube to Improve Vocabulary Competence among Upper Secondary School Studies. Vol. 1, No. 11, pp. 1488-1496.

Aiyun, Ding. 2006. CELEA Journal: Teaching Techniques to Improve Chinese Students’ Listening and Speaking Competence in English. Vol. 29 No. 1 : 21-27.

Alyousef, Hesham Sulaeman. 2006. Jornal of Language and Learning: Teaching Reading Comprehension to ESL/EFL Learners. Vol 5 (1): 63-73.

Arifiana, Novi Dwi Pratista. Jurnal Pendidikan Saintifik:The Implementation of running Dictation to Improve the Students Listening Skill of Tenth Grade Science Program (X MIA 4) At SMA Negeri 4 Malang.

Azimi, Esmaeel. 2014. Contemporary Educational Technology: The Effects of Educational Multimedia in Dictation and Its Role in Improving Dysgraphia in Students with Dictation Difficulty. Vol 5 No. 4: 331-340.

Barta, Éva. 2010. WoPaLP: Test Takers’ Listening comprehension Sub-Skills and Strategies. Vol. 4: 59-85.
Berk, Ronald A., 2009. International Journal of Technology in Teaching and Learning: Multimedia teaching with video clips: TV, movies, YouTube, and mtvU in the college classroom. Vol 5 No. 1: 1–21.

Bozorgian, Hossein. 2013. International Journal of Instruction: Enhancing Foreign Language Learning through Listening Strategies Delivered in L1. Vol.6, No.1 : 105-122.

Brown, Gillian. 1996. Listening to Spoken English. New York: Longman Inc.

Brown, Steve. 2006. Teaching Listening. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Chang, Mei-mei and Lehman, James D,. 2002. CALICO Journal: Learning Foreign Language through anInteractive Multimedia Program: An Experimental Study on the Effectsof the Relevance Component of the ARCS Model.Vol 20, No. 1 : 81-98.

Chafe, Wallace and Tannen, Deborah. 1987. Annual Review of Anthropology: The Relation between Written and Spoken Language. Vol. 16 (1987), pp. 383-407.

Cole, Debbie et. al., 2007. Teaching Speaking and Listening, A Toolkit for Pratitioners. England: Portishead Press.
Cohen, Louis et. al., 2007. Research Metods in Education. London: Routledge.

Fisher , C., M. 2001. Dictation : what and how students learn from it.Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the art in teaching degree at Barttleboro , Vermont.

Gándara, Patricia. 2005. Listening to Teachers of English Language Learners, A Survey of California Teacher’s Challenges , Experiences, and Professional Development Needs. Santa Cruz: The Center.

Gilakjani, Abbs Pourhosein and Ahmadi, Seyedeh Mosoumeh. 2001. International Journal of Information and Education Technology: The Relationship between L2 Reading Comprehension and Shema Theory: A Matter of Text Familiarity. Vol 1 (2): 142- 148.

Graesser, Arthur C., 2007. Reading Comprehension Strategies (Theories, Interventions and Technologies): An Introduction to Strategic Reading Comprehension. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Hassankiadeh, M. A. Ghaffarzadeh. 2013. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE): Active Vs Passive Dictation. Vol. 2, No. 3: pp. 129~134 .

Hamada,Yo. 2012. The Language Teacher: An effective way to improve listening skills through shadowing. Japan:

Harmer, Jeremy. 2001. The Practice of English Language Teaching. Malaysia: Longman.

Heaton, JB. 1975. A Practical Guide for Teacher of English as a Second Language. London; Longman Group UK. Ltd.

Howell, Simon. 2005. Teaching Listening Comprehension. Japan.

Kavaliauskienė, Galina and Anusienė, Lilija. 2011. Santalka: Online Toll to Improve Language Proficiency.. Vol. 19, No.1: 31–37.

, Galina and Darginavičienė, Irena. English for Specific Purposes World: Dictation in the ESP Classroom: A Tool to Improve Language Proficiency. Vol. 8, issue 23.

Kim, Daesang and Gilman, David A., 2008. Educational Technology and Society Journal: Effects of Text, Audio and Graphic Aids in Multimedia Instruction for Vocabulary Learning. Vol 11 (3), 114-126.

Kiany, G. Reza and Shiramiry, Ebrahim. 2002. TESL Canada Journal: The Effect of Frequent Dictation on the Listening Comprehension Ability of Elementary EFL Learners. VOL. 20, No.1: 57 - 63.

Marzban, Amir and Abdollahi, Maryam. 2013. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences: The Effect of Partial Dictation on the Listening Comprehension Ability of Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners. Vol, 5 (2): 238-244.

Mayer, R. E. 2001. Multimedia learning, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Meskill, Carla. 1996. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia¬: Listening Skill Development Through Multimedia. Vol 5 (2) : 179-201.

Najjar, Lawrence J., 1996. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia: Multimedia Information and Learning.Vol. 5 No. 2: 129-150.

Nation, I.S. P and Newton, Jonathan. 2009. Teaching ESL/EFL Listening and Speaking. New York: Routledge.

Nusir, Sawsan et al,. 2012. Acta Didactica Napocensia: Studying the Impact od Using Multimedia Interactive Programs at Childrean Ability to Learn Basic math Skills. Volume 5 Number 2: 17-32.

Richards, Jack C., 2008. Teaching Listening and Speaking From Theory to Practice. USA: Cambridge University Press.

Richards JC, Platt J, Weber H. 1985. Longman dictionary of applied linguistics. Essex: Longman.

Salazar, Jorge. CALICO Journal: Interactive Audio Strategies for Developing Listening Skills. Volume 7 Number 1: 67-75.

Sevik, Mustafa. 2012. English Teaching Forum: Teaching Listening Skills to Young Learners through “Listen and Do” Songs. No. 3: 10-17.

Sharma, Neena. 2011. Strategies for Developing Listening Skills. India: ELT Voices.

Sharpe, Pamela. 2007. Barron’s TOEFL IBT (Internet-Based Test). USA: Barron’s Educational Series.

Smaldino, Sharon E. Et. al., 2008. Instructional Technology and Media for Learning. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.

Wallace, Trudy et. al., 2004. Teaching speaking, listening and writing. Switzerland: the International Bureau of Education (IBE).

Wati, Herlina. 2011. International Journal of Instruction: The Effectiveness of Indonesian English Teachers Training Programs In Improving Confidence and Motivation. Vol.4, No.1: 79-104.

White, Bozena Kwiatkowska. 2012. Understanding Reading Comprehension Performance in High School Students. Canada : A disertation of Queen’s University. Unpublished.

Woolley, G., 2011. Reading Comprehension: Assisting Children with Learning Difficulties. USA: Springer Science+Business Media.
How to Cite
RAHMAT, Agustina Yusuf. The Effect of Using Educational Multimedia in Dictation on Students’ Listening Comprehension at MA Darul Hikmah Pekanbaru. JOURNAL OF ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 1-19, feb. 2018. ISSN 2541-1446. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 18 mar. 2018.